25 Knowledge related factors influencing utilization of reproductive health

25 knowledge related factors influencing utilization

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2.5 Knowledge related factors influencing utilization of reproductive health services among the youth . Studies indicate that the more youth is educated, the more the likelihood of seeking reproductive health services as they have a better understanding of their reproductive health needs (KDHS, 2008/09). According to Mbugua & Karonjo, (2018) , condom use was established as the most common strategy in the prevention of unplanned pregnancy at 48.5 and 46.4% in the prevention of STI and HIV/AIDS. Almost two thirds (58%) of respondents reported that they were conversant with only one method of contraception, 60% had knowledge of more than two types of STIs, and 62.4% indicated that they were conversant with only hospitals as facilities providing reproductive health services this study was done in Mount Kenya University, in conclusion, young people in college require educational initiatives to sensitize them on STI, methods of contraception and positive social behaviours. There is a need to improve the accessibility of reproductive health services through the strengthening of services provided at campus health clinics because this study shows that they have less knowledge on reproductive health services. Most Kenyans have heard of HIV/AIDS. Still, there is a vast need for greater behaviour change, especially among youth who are ill-equipped to protect themselves against unwanted and/or unprotected sex. Few youths seek HIV counselling and testing, and there are limited services designed specifically for youth, particularly in rural areas (Frontiers in Reproductive Health, 2004; van Eijk et al., 2008). Godia P. (2014) in her studies on the perception of the youth on the reproductive health of reproductive health care or do not know where to go for reproductive health care services hence do not use the services. Education is an important component in conveying reproductive health information and has the potential of increasing utilization of reproductive health services. Another study was done by Similo (2015) in Zimbabwe found that the adolescent girls did not have adequate access to sexual and reproductive health information. The community library in Filabusi, strategically set to provide information on health and sexual matters. Respondents in the study revealed that they did not seek sexual and reproductive health information with the older people in the community. Instead, they discussed such issues with their friends. These results are in line with the findings by Engen (2013) in Cameroon, pointing out that, access to sexual and reproductive health information is an important element in promoting and improving adolescents’ reproductive health. Offering them with sexual and reproductive health education, either in a school setting or in a health facility empowers them with the skills and knowledge needed to make informed, responsible decisions regarding their sexuality. This, in
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turn, may lead to a reduction in the challenges relating to sexual and reproductive health like pregnancies and mitigation of other reproductive health concerns.
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