Facts or arguments and examples give reasons why you

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Facts or arguments and examples: Give reasons why you believe this. 2 Facts or arguments and examples: Give another reason why you believe this. 3 Facts or arguments and examples: Give another reason why you believe this. Conclusion: Sum up your facts, arguments or reasons. When presenting to an audience, students will benefit from: knowing how to use their voices effectively, e.g. volume, tone, pace and clarity being aware of the audience and responding to them, e.g. body language • considering audience involvement • knowing how to use props to enhance their presentation • developing effective introductions and closures • responding to questions. Using Visual Aids Visual aids can be used to support speakers and listeners in a variety of planned and unplanned interactions, e.g. diagrams, charts, pictures, data, models and artefacts . Visual aids such as diagrams, charts, and pictures can be effective in supporting speakers and listeners in a variety of planned and unplanned interactions. Some of the benefits of using visual aids are outlined below. Supporting understanding Visual images help a speaker to explain or demonstrate a particular point, and can make the message clear to the listener. Processing information Visual information is received and processed by the brain faster than a verbal message. Visual aids are especially useful in helping people to quickly understand complex or abstract ideas. Speaking and Listening Processes and Strategies FIRST005 | Speaking and listening resource book © Department of Education WA 2013 Reviewed August 2013
182 Enhancing attention and memory Visual images engage the audience and keep them interested in the message being delivered. They also help listeners to make connections with previous knowledge and help them retain the new knowledge being presented. Aiding timing and pace Using visuals can create natural pauses, helping the speaker to control the pace of the speech. Students need to be explicitly taught how to use visual aids. While visual aids can enhance a presentation, they can also act as a distraction. Using Information Technology Information technology skills enable students to make choices that can enhance their presentations. Teach students how to use clip art and desktop publishing, as well as specialist packages such as PowerPoint and Hyperstudio. Students will benefit from learning how to use specialist audio and visual equipment, as well as learning how to create sound and images. Using Anecdotes Anecdotes are stories from personal experience or from someone else’s experience. Anecdotes can feature in any type of speaking. People often relate anecdotes during conversations as a way of connecting with the topic being discussed, or as a way of illustrating a point.

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