182• Enhancing attention and memoryVisual images engage the audience and keep them interested in the message being delivered. They also help listeners to make connections with previous knowledge and help them retain the new knowledge being presented. • Aiding timing and paceUsing visuals can create natural pauses, helping the speaker to control the pace of the speech.Students need to be explicitly taught how to use visual aids. While visual aids can enhance a presentation, they can also act as a distraction.Using Information TechnologyInformation technology skills enable students to make choices that can enhance their presentations. Teach students how to use clip art and desktop publishing, as well as specialist packages such as PowerPoint and Hyperstudio. Students will benefit from learning how to use specialist audio and visual equipment, as well as learning how to create sound and images.Using AnecdotesAnecdotes are stories from personal experience or from someone else’s experience. Anecdotes can feature in any type of speaking. People often relate anecdotes during conversations as a way of connecting with the topic being discussed, or as a way of illustrating a point.