Authority and intolerance of outgroups and those

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authority and intolerance of outgroups and those lower in status Particularly prone to engage in prejudice and stereotyping Inquiry into authoritarian people’s early lives revealed that As children, they often faced harsh discipline Led them to repress their hostilities and impulses project them onto outgroups The insecurity of authoritarian children seemed to predispose them toward An excessive concern with power and status An inflexible right-wrong way of thinking that made ambiguity difficult to tolerate Tended to be submissive to those with power over them Aggressive or punitive toward those whom they considered beneath them Different forms of prejudice tend to coexist in the same individuals (Zick & others, 2008) Right-wing authoritarians tend to be equal opportunity bigots Particularly striking are people high in social dominance orientation and authoritarian personality double highs (Altemeyer, 2004) Are among the most prejudiced persons in our society Seem to display the worst qualities of each type of personality Striving for status often in manipulative ways while being dogmatic and ethnocentric Authoritarianism and social dominance orientation can co-exist Have different ideological bases (Cohrs & others, 2005) Authoritarianism
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More related to concern with security and control Social dominance orientation More related to one’s group status o Religion and prejudice Leaders invoke religion to sanctify the present order No causal connection depends on how we ask the question If we define religiousness as church membership or willingness to agree at least superficially with traditional beliefs The more religious people are the more racially prejudiced Bigots often rationalize bigotry with religion If we assess depth of religious commitment in any of several other ways Then the very devout are less prejudiced Hence the religious roots of the modern civil rights movement Among whose leaders were many ministers and priests o Conformity Once established prejudice is maintained largely by inertia If prejudice is socially accepted Many people will follow the path of least resistance and conform to the fashion They will act not so much out of a need to hate as out of a need to be liked and accepted Become more likely to favor (or oppose) discrimination after hearing someone else do so Less supportive of women after hearing sexist humor (Ford & others, 2008; Zitek & Hebl, 2007) Those who conformed most to other social norms most prejudiced Those who were less conforming mirrored less of the surrounding prejudice (Pettigrew, 1958) Prejudice was clearly not a manifestation of sick personalities Simply of the social norms Maintains gender prejudice o If prejudice is not deeply ingrained in personality Then as fashions change and new norms evolve Prejudice can diminish - Institutional supports o Social institutions may bolster prejudice Through overt policies such as segregation or by passively reinforcing the status quo
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