3) The falling price of steel during the 1880s meant that tall buildings with steel frames became
cheaper to build. The metal skeleton not only supported the roof and floors, but also the external walls. 4) Fireproofing advanced rapidly after the Great Chicago Fire of 1871.5) Construction of the Eiffel Tower in 1889 taught architects how to brace a metal frame against the winds.6) During the 1870s, some five and six story buildings had steam-powered elevators, which had cables wound around a huge rotating drum; but these were not suitable for taller buildings, since the drum would have to be impractically large. During the 1880s, the electric elevator offered a more practical solution.7) After 1890, fans were driven by electricity. Steam heating using radiators was widely used by 1885. Plumbing to circulate water through the building relied on pressure using electric pumps.ReconstructionDescribe the circumstances surrounding the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson. What was going on in the country? What was going on in the government? Why was the president impeached? How was the president impeached? What was the result of the impeachment? What were the long-term impacts of the impeachment?Describe how the 13th Amendment, the 14th Amendment, the 15th Amendment, the Civil Rights Act of 1866 and the Reconstruction Act of 1867 impacted the lives of Black Americans. Besure to include a discussion of the impacts of all 5 pieces of legislation.Was Reconstruction successful in healing and reuniting the nation? Why or Why not? Defend your position with specific examples.Gilded AgeWhat impact did the railroads have on the nation? Who was impacted? How were they impacted? What role did they play in the social, economic, and political development of the country?Why do some people claim that modern America was built during the Gilded Age? What elements of American life were invented or changed during the Gilded Age? Make an argument for the fact that modern America was indeed built during the Gilded Age.Tell the story of American business during the Gilded Age. What kinds of businesses were 12
formed? How did businesses change? How did business and politics interact? What people or groups were important to the rise of businesses? How were they important?