Course Hero Logo

Normal o varies to some degree in accordance with

Course Hero uses AI to attempt to automatically extract content from documents to surface to you and others so you can study better, e.g., in search results, to enrich docs, and more. This preview shows page 56 - 61 out of 118 pages.

NormaloVaries to some degree in accordance with person’s genetic makeup and degree ofphysical activityDeviations from normaloPresence of tenderness, swelling, crepitation, or nodulesRange of MotionsFlexionoMove the head from the upright midline position forward, so that the chin rests on thechestExtensionoMove the head from the flexed position to the upright positionHyperextensionoMove the head from the upright position back as far as possible
Lateral FlexionoMove the head laterally to the right and left shouldersRotationoMove the head laterally to the right and left shouldersFlexionoRaise each arm from a position by the side forwardand upward to a position beside the headExtensionoMove each arm from a vertical position beside thehead forward and down to a resting position at the sideof the bodyHyperextensionoMove each arm from a resting side position to behindthe bodyAbductionoMove each arm laterally from a resting position at thesides to a side position above the head, palm of the handaway from the headAdduction (Anterior)oMove each arm from a position at the sides across thefront of the body as far as possibleoThe elbow may be straight or bent
CircumductionoMove each arm forward, up, back, and down in a fullcircleFlexionoMove each arm forward, up, back, and down in a fullcircleExtensionoBring each lower arm forward and downward,straighteningExternal RotationoWith each arm held out to the side at shoulder level andthe elbow bent to a right angle, fingers pointing down,move the arm upward so that the fingers point upInternal RotationoWith each arm held out to the side at shoulder level andthe elbow bent to a right angle, fingers pointing up, movethe arm forward and down so that the fingers point downRotation for supinationoTurn each hand and forearm so that the palm is facingupwardRotation for pronationoTurn each hand and forearm so that the palm is facingdownward
FlexionoBring the fingers of each hand toward theinner aspect of the forearmExtensionoStraighten each hand to the same plane asthe armHyperextensionoBend the fingers of each hand back as far aspossibleRadial Flexion (Abduction)oBend each wrist laterally toward the thumb side withhand supinatedUlnar Flexion (Adduction)oBend each wrist laterally toward the fifth finger with thehand supinatedFlexionoMake a fist with each hand; Extension.Straighten the fingers of each handHyperextensionoBend the fingers of each hand back as faras possible
AbductionoSpread the fingers of each hand apartAdductionoBring the fingers of each hand togetherFlexionoMove each thumb across the palmar surface of the handtoward the fifth fingerExtensionoMove each thumb away from the handAbductionoExtend each thumb laterallyAdductionoMove each thumb back to the handOppositionoTouch each thumb to the top of each finger of the samehand.

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 118 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Spring
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
pulse

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture