Sense of guilt that the society has (wealthy class)Orchid, black ribbon, silk scarf/blanket – evokes exoticness from Asian and JapanesefashionBlack female and black cat- depiction of race (sense of guilt and darkness and shame)Bougureau, Nymphs and Satyr, 1873Soft landscapeBiblical sceneFantasy1839 French inventor, Louis-Jacques Mande DaguerreDaguerreotype: direct-positive photographic image made on silver coated copper platesPhotography: writing with light [from Greek “photos,” light and “graphics,” writing]Painting by Daguerre for his Diorama TheatreDaguerre, Still Life in Studio, Daguerreotype, 1937Daguerre, Still Life in Studio, 1937Beginning of Photography (writing with Light) Invention announced in 1839Two principlesOptics of Camera Obscura
Chemical reaction silver salts become dark when exposed to light.1839 British inventor: William Henry Fox TalbotCalotype or Talbotype: First permanent negative process on paperWET-COLLODION PROCESS: Invented by Frederick Scott archer (1851)Southworth & Hawes, Early Operation Under Ether, Massachusetts General Hospital, Daguerreotype c.1847 Timothy O’Sullivan, A Harvest of Death, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, 1863Photographic technique: Albumen print and wet-plate collodionThomas Eakins, The Gross Clinic, 1875Thomas Eakins, The Swimming Hide, 1884Thomas Eakins, Photographic studies of nudes at the Philadelphia Academy of Art, 1883Progressive movementEdward Muybridge, Horse galloping, 1873Edward Muybridge, Experimental area at Palo Alto, 1878-9Muybridge, Woman dancing, 1883Nadar, Sarah Bernhard,ca. 1860Julia Margaret Cameron, Ophelia, 1867John Everett Millais, Ophelia, 1862 (Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood)Julia Margaret Cameron (1860’s)Dante Gabrielle Rossett, Beata Beatrix, ca.1863Gertrude Kasebier, Blessed Art Thou Amazing Women, 1899November 19, 2015What does the word “modern” mean? What can you point to that is modern? Does modern meancontemporary? Does it mean something that is new now? Does it also refer to a particularmoment in history that has already past? When did the modern era begin? Has the modern eraended? If so, when did that happen and why?RealismModern worldAdvances in industrial technology during the early 19thcentury reinforced Enlightenmentfaith and the connection between science and progress. Realism is a movement that developed in France against this backdrop of scientificinnovation.Led to mass production of clothing, food and the invention of “leisure time” for non-elite.Realist artists argued that only the contemporary world- what people can see was “real”.They disapproved of historical and fictional and allegorical subjects- just painted was“real”.
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