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Part time or full timeWhat are the two dimensions and four types of parenting styles? Be able to describe them, predict effect on children (outcome) and know which one is ‘best’.13
Best for: worker society, army- obey the bossGoodness of fit ideaoAuthoritative:High in control, high in warmthHigh demanding, high acceptanceSet clear rules/enforce consistentlyExplain reasons why the rules are the rulesAre responsive to child’s needsDiscuss and allow exceptionsOutcome: cheerful, responsible, achiever, produces the best way toparentoPermissive:Low in control, high in warmthMakes few demands, high acceptanceKids get their own way, no controlEncourage free expressionOutcome: impulsive, self-centered, bossy, not the best outcomeoReject-neglect:Low in control, low in warmthDisengagedExpected little, give littleOutcome: temper tantrums, aggression, hostile, antisocial, drug abuse, produces a bad outcomeWhat is the relationship between physical discipline & aggression?Physical discipline:oAggression:oParent characteristics.Additional roles: mother and father, homeownerSeparate lifestylesBetter adjustment for those who:oAre olderoConceive after marriageoMarried longer before childrenoHave realistic expectationsoRecall their parents as warm and acceptingStresses and strains of caring for a toddler more that for an infantMore children= more workloadAdolescent children may spark midlife crisisKnow the types of child abuse and child, parental and environmental risk factors.14
Types of abuse:oPhysical:Scalding, beating with an object, severe physical punishment, slapping, punching, kicking, physical injuriesoPsychological:Rejecting, terrorizing, isolating, exploiting, mis-socializingoNeglect:Deficiencies in caregiver obligations such as educational, supervisory, shelter and safety, medical, physical or emotional needs, includes abandonmentoSexual:Sexual acts, fondling, specific fears (particular person, room, object, ect.)Risk factors:oParental risks:Cycle of abuse:only 10% have severe mental illness, but 30% of those abused as children will abuse their childrenCurrent abuse:women battered in their romantic relationshipsPersonality (intrapersonal):insecure, low self esteemPersonality (interpersonal):unrealistic expectations about child’s behavior; low tolerance for normal child behavioroChild risks:Difficult and/or hyperactive childHarder to take care ofoContext risks:Stress: young parent, major life changes, low education, no social supports, no respite care, physical discipline encouraged,