Ex not having to do chores Notice something do something avoid or escape

Ex not having to do chores notice something do

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frequency of a behavior in operant conditioning. Ex: not having to do chores - Notice something do something avoid or escape something aversive - Avoidance behavior : prevents exposure to aversive stimulus - Escape behavior : response behavior “turns off” the exposure to aversive stimulus Positive punishment – Outcome consists of something presented to decrease the frequency of a behavior in operant conditioning. Ex: having to do extra chores - Notice something do something get something aversive Negative punishment (omission training/ extinction) – Outcome consists of something withdrawn to decrease the frequency of a behavior in operant conditioning. Ex: time out from iPad. - Notice something do something miss out on something appetitive Differential reinforcement of other behavior (DRO) – a way to use punishment along with reinforcement of desired behavior, aka redirecting Discriminative stimulus (SD) – stimulus that sets the occasion for the behavior, indicates a consequence is now available. Ex: police car behind you or acting different around adults vs peers Discriminative stimulus for extinction (SΔ ) – response will no longer achieve the outcome it did previously Discriminative stimulus for punishment (SDp) – response under this stimulus will be punished Primary reinforcer – food, water, shelter (help with temperature and humidity regulation), sleep, exercise (physical stimulation), social connection, mental stimulation, sex. Effectiveness is driven by current physiological need. Secondary (conditioned reinforcer) – grades, money, dog training clicker. Secondary reinforcers are associated with primary reinforcers through classical conditioning. - clicker CC example: UCS treat salivation, NS/CS click + UCS treat salivation, click CS CR salivation. - Clicker OC example: S shake R dog puts paw in hand O click Instinctive drift - tendency of an organism to revert to unconscious and automatic behavior that interferes with operant conditioning and the learned responses that come with it
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Natural consequence – outcome in S R O sequence is because of the response. Example: study hard learn and grow Artificial consequence – outcome is contrived (deliberately created rather than naturally created) Ex: study hard get good grades Autoshaping – method of conditioning in which the CR has not been reinforced by reward or punishment, but is a modified instinctive response to certain stimuli Shaping – (B.F. Skinner) a conditioning paradigm used primarily in experimental analysis of behavior. Uses successive approximations. Chaining – reinforcing individual responses occurring in a sequence to form a complex behavior Backward chaining – used in applied behavior analysis to teach individuals with developmental disabilities complex tasks by breaking them down into discrete responses or individual behaviors. All of the behaviors in a single task are completed by the trainer except the last step Key Name: Thorndike – created the puzzle box, a box with levers/pulleys/button. Response 1 annoyed. Response 2 annoyed. Response 3 annoyed. Response 4
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