S202_P3_6P_student copy.pdf

Copyright 2015 republic polytechnic what are

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Copyright © 2015 Republic Polytechnic
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What are Fundamental M otor Skills (FMS)? FMS can be categorised into: Gallahue & Donnelly, 2003 Throwing Catching Kicking Bouncing Striking Walking Running Jumping Hopping Skipping Twisting Balancing Stretching Dodging Turning Non- locomotive Locomotive Manipulative FMS are gross motor movements that involve body parts and subsequently the basic foundation for more complex skills Copyright © 2015 Republic Polytechnic
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How to differentiate developed and undeveloped non-locomotor skill? Copyright © 2015 Republic Polytechnic Initial - Exaggerated base of support - Loss of balance at times - Combined actions appear jerky and lack of fluidity Elementary Appropriate base of support Good coordination of similar movements Able to combine 2 to 3 actions in one fluid movement Mature Smooth and rhythmical flow Appears in total control of own body Able to combine 4 actions in one fluid movement Gallahue et al., 2012
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How to differentiate developed and undeveloped non-locomotor skill? Copyright © 2015 Republic Polytechnic Initial Loses balance at most times Excessive arm movements Non-supporting leg lifted awkwardly Elementary Cannot balance with eyes closed Arms may not be used symmetrically to help balance Performs better on preferred leg Mature Can balance with eyes closed Little arm movements Lifts non-supporting leg behind the body Gallahue et al., 2012
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How to differentiate developed and undeveloped locomotor skill? Copyright © 2015 Republic Polytechnic Initial Stiff, uneven and short leg strides No observable flight phase Arms tend to swing outwards Elementary Longer leg strides Little observable flight phase Arm swing increases Mature Maximum leg strides with fast speed Long observable flight phase Arms swing vertically in opposite direction to legs Gallahue et al., 2012
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How to differentiate developed and undeveloped locomotor skill? Copyright © 2015 Republic Polytechnic Initial Limited arm swing to initiate jumping action Limited extension of ankles, knees and hips at takeoff Body weight falls backward at landing Elementary More arm swing to initiate jumping action More extension of ankles, knees and hips at takeoff Body weight may fall backward or go forward at landing Mature Full arm swing to initiate jumping action Full extension of ankles, knees and hips at takeoff Body weight goes forward at landing Gallahue et al., 2012
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How to differentiate developed and undeveloped manipulative skill?
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