But us includes an amendment platt ammendment to the

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but US includes an amendment (Platt Ammendment) to the Cuban constitution keeping the island under US protection and giving the US the right to intervene in Cuban affairs between 1902-1934, US marines will land in Cuba 4 times Governements are US controlled The Good Neighbour Policy - 1934: Roosevelt announces that US will no longer intervene it neighbours affairs
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- But US still has tremendous influence with Batista and other corrupt Cuban leaders 1933: military officer Batista controls Cuba through a series of puppets Good Neighbours? - By 1930’s, US businesses have come to dominate Cuban economy sugar and tobacco production, mining, etc. economically, Cuba is a US colony - Cuba also becomes a tourist playground for Americans attracted to sun, rum, cigars, gambling, and sex by 1950’s, US Mafia controls Cuba’s luxury hotels, resorts, casinos - As a result of tourism, Cubans in Havana and other Cuban cities are well off, but the majority of the population, living in countryside see little benefit - US control of Cuba’s economy leads to increasing public anger at the govt. and the US - Many Cuban’s also resent the crime and tourism occurring The Cuban Revolution - 1952: Batista takes power in coup - 1953: a young revolutionary, Fidel Castro, leads an unsuccessful revolt against the Batista regime imprisoned and upon being freed in 1955 travels to Mexico begins to organize another revolutionary army movement with his brother Raul, Guevara - 1956: Castro lands in Eastern Cuba from Mexico and takes to the Sierra Maestra mountains where he wages a guerilla war the revolutionaries have a # of successes over Cuba’s army but receive little support from elsewhere Batista has a very effective secret police - By 1958, the Movement has advanced throughout most the island Batista lacks public support due to US public and congressional disgust with Batista, US withdraws support for Batista US does not want to support Castro and so Eisenhower attempts to find someone to replace Batista but cant New Years Eve: Batista flees Cuba - 1959: Castro takes power promises a continual Revolution to bring social justice to the Cuban people promises education, jobs, health care outlaws racism, prostitution, gambling promises elections hints that he wants to end foreign control of Cuban’s economy (nationalized Cuban economy) - Revolutionaries takes 2 moves that worry US: 1. Execute many Batista govt. officials Castro argues that officials who perpetrated crimes that must be punished 2. Delay elections Castro argues that he rules through direct democracy
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Is Castro a Communist? - Americans concerned that Castro is a communist Castro is not yet a communist, he is a left wing reformer concerned about US influence in Cuba Raul and Guevera are communists Soviets have no role in Batista’s downfall; Cuba does have diplomatic relations with USSR Cuba’s Communist Party had not supported revolutionary movement - Castro travel s the US Castro in the US -
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Christopher Reinemann
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