What came to dominate was interactionism if i look at

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what came to dominate was “interactionism”: if I look at your behavior on the average, I can meaningfully say you have a trait. Variability is only when looking at situation compared to situation. - in 1980’s traits made a come back with the Big 5; and everyone was very happy with this for a while. - consistency on average but also variability - his wife focuses on this issue of variability III. Allport on Individuality - Uniqueness A. Nomothetic vs Idiographic - Allports distinction: -nomothetic: general principles that can be applied to all people Feb 14th: 332
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-ideographic: describe, explain, predict an individual person - Allport didn’t want to throw out nomothetic but he felt ideographic was very important B. Common traits vs Personal dispositions - common trait: image a 20 item T/F questionnaire and we may say that this questionnaire is like a yard stick or meter stick for measuring people. imagine that we have a couple hundred desks and tables to measure. we use the same meter stick for each one and the only thing that differs is the numerical value of each desk. COMMON TRAIT follows this logic (same instrument for each person and question is how much does each person have) - EXAMPLE: trait of “messiness”; sloppy in dress, study materials disorganized, apt is pig sty, dirty, stuff lying around, disorganized refrigerator, old food lying around, dirty dishes, dirt in car, bad handwriting (everyone has a different amount of each) - Allport argues this misses the point because we must think about peoples “personal disposition” - lets look at person A (Adrian) is and B (Bill). From a common trait perspective A and B are the same (same number of “messiness” qualities) BUT they are for sure different! - so Allport brought in the word “personal disposition” to emphasize this point. Allport said that some people have very unique traits that there may be no word for.
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