Thus a sustainable business model perspective is

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improvements and growth while addressing global challenges. Thus, a sustainable business model perspective is required to think and go beyond these increments and reconceive radically how businesses should operate to drive system-level sustain- ability. In-line with 8 major sustainable business model archetypes existing, this chapter fi rst contextualizes them in TCF industries and goes further to identify 5 key design elements (and underlying strategies) underpinning them. The knowledge of these key design elements (product, process, value network, relation, and con- sumption pattern), upholding a system thinking approach, will further assist both research and practice to strategically develop and improve the sustainable innova- tions and business models. Keywords Sustainable design Á Sustainable business models Á Textile and clothing Á Fashion 1 Introduction Textile, clothing, and fashion (TCF) are one of the most polluting and resource-draining industries in the world, next only to oil, in terms of environmental impact (DEFRA 2008 ; Fletcher 2008 ). This is driven largely by environmentally unfriendly production practices, involving large-scale destruction of the ecosystem, viz. widespread use of chemicals in the production and processing of textiles and clothing, emission of harmful greenhouse gases, and other ef fl uents followed by R. Pal ( & ) Department of Business Administration and Textile Management, Swedish School of Textiles, University of Bor å s, Bor å s, Sweden e-mail: [email protected] © Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017 S.S. Muthu (ed.), Sustainability in the Textile Industry , Textile Science and Clothing Technology, DOI 10.1007/978-981-10-2639-3_6 109
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throwing of thousands of tons of textiles every year for either land fi ll or inciner- ation. In addition, in order to meet the competitive pressures of current TCF industry, manufacturing is largely concentrated in low cost bases where there are neither stringent pollution controls nor regulations (Hethorn and Ulasewicz 2008 ), along with lack of compliance with social aspects such as fair labor and health and safety standards. Moreover, the TCF industries are one of the worst in terms of promoting materialism, increasing driven by a system of classical market economy, providing the basis for emergence of a throwaway society that is based on economies of scale, planned obsolescence of products, short product life cycle, and consequently ever-growing demand of consumers for new products and services (Mont 2008 ). This to a large extent has resulted in challenges to triple-bottom-line (TBL) sustainability by promoting producers continue producing and consumers continue buying (Fuad-Luke 2009 ), thus calling for increased intervention by designing sustainable development by understanding: 1. Increased effects in terms of TBL: economic, resource constraints, pollution, and social impacts.
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  • environmental sustainability

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