ECE _ DSST Organizational Behavior

A significant finding of fiedler s contingency theory

Info icon This preview shows pages 31–33. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
A significant finding of Fiedler 's contingency theory was that a leader's style cannot be changed. Fred Fiedler believed that a person's leadership style cannot be changed; they must try to find situations which match their style, or change the situation.
Image of page 31

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The cognitive resource theory is a theory that states that a leader obtains effective group performance by, first making effective plans, decisions, and strategies, and then communicating them through directive behavior. In 1987, Fred Fiedler and an associate reconceptualized Fiedler’s original theory to deal with some oversights. In the new theory, they tried to explain the process by which a leader obtains effective group performance. They made two assumptions. First, intelligent and competent leaders formulate more effective plans, decisions, and strategies. The second assumption is that leaders communicate their actions through directive behavior. The researchers then showed how stress and cognitive resources act as important influences on leadership effectiveness. The situational leadership theory is a contingency theory that focuses on followers' readiness. This type of leadership focuses on the followers. While successful leadership is achieved by selecting the right leadership style, this theory argues that it is contingent on the level of the followers' readiness or maturity. Regardless of what the leader does, effectiveness depends on the actions of the followers. It is they who accept or reject the leader The leader-member exchange theory argues that because of time pressures, leaders establish a special relationship with a small group of their subordinates. The Leader-Member Exchange theory (LMX) states that these individuals make up the in-group because they are trusted and get a disproportionate amount of the leader’s attention, and are more likely to get special privileges. Other subordinates fall into the out-group. They get less of the leader’s time, fewer of the preferred rewards, and have superior-subordinate relations based on formal authority interactions. Like other leadership perspectives, the LMX theory, also known as vertical dyad linkage theory, places emphasis on subordinate participation and influence in the decision making process. LMX attempts to explain how the linkage (relationship) between leader and follower can affect the leadership process. The essence of the path-goal theory is that it’s the leader’s job to assist his or her followers in attaining their goals and to provide the necessary direction and/or support to ensure their goals are compatible with the overall objectives of the organization. The term path-goal is derived from the belief that effective leaders clarify the path to help their followers get from where they are to the achievement of their work goals and make the journey along the path easier by reducing roadblocks and pitfalls. In this theory, a leader’s behavior is acceptable to subordinates to the degree that they view it as an immediate source of satisfaction or as a means of future satisfaction.
Image of page 32
Image of page 33
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern