explains why Eichmann like many other ordinary germans contributed Misfortunes

Explains why eichmann like many other ordinary

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explains why Eichmann, like many other “ordinary germans” contributed Misfortunes in his life from a young age He was the only member of his family who didn’t finish high school He was put in a vocational school for engineering into could not graduate He was fired from a job that his uncle got him and then faced a life crisis because he had no way to support himself He joined the party due to his ambition He was fed up with his job before he even got fired Desire to start from scratch Bureaucracy argument: Bureaucracy permits Eichman, and other like him to kill by signing a paper as opposed to pulling a trigger He is detached from a sense of responsibility Hitler’s orders What Hitler said was the law, and it was his duty to follow the law because he was a law-abiding citizen
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Christopher R. Browning: Ordinary Men Examines documents detailing the Reserve Police Battalion 101 starts off by giving the background of men middle age (not young agile military equipped men) family men came either working class or lower middle class from Hamburg (a liberal city, communist) Refutes idea of self selection (that the men were particularly suited for killing) Concludes that they were typical average people Refutes self interest/ careerism People did not choose to kill because it would help their careers Refutes wartime brutalization The men did not murder the Jews out of wartime chaos they were ordered to kill and dehumanize Jew This took place over a long time period, thus contributing to “psychological distancing” Men no longer viewed Jews as human beings, they viewed them as “others” due to propaganda Situational factors Not one single explanation, multiple factors at play Normal, healthy people put in extreme situations and asked to make extreme choices Dehumanization crucial in enabling sadistic behaviors They did not have the freedom to make their own decisions and were not in a position to challenge orders No historian has ever found evidence that anyone has ever been punished for stepping down He draws on the Zimbardo experiment to show that the men began to assume the roles and identities Obedience to authority Another principal explanation as to why these men killed Draws upon Stanley Milgram experiments Even though they had permission to step down they did not because they recognized that the authority/ dominant view was telling them to go out and kill Peer pressure aspect: people only refuse when others protest as well There was a sense of obligation to peers and pressure Concludes Men chose to kill because of the situation of pervasive racism in Germany Dehumanization made the Jews seem less human and caused the men to become psychologically distant, which made it easy to conform to the Nazism They should be held responsible The strongest argument Daniel Jonah Goldhagen: Hitler’s Willing Executioners.
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He also uses documents from the reserve police Battalion 101
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