Found morphine can be converted into another drug

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Found morphine can be converted into another drug that they called heroin Heroin was a substituted for morphine in cough syrups and other patent medicines, but proved to be more addictive and more potent that morphine, acting more quickly with greater intensity Psychological and Physical Effects Produce euphoria, drowsiness, reverie, and a lack of coordination Heroin has an additional effect: the rush, a feeling of warm, suffusing ecstasy immediately following an intravenous injection User sheds worries and fears and has great self-confidence for 4-6 hours, but then experiences letdown, bordering on stupor Opiates produce their effects by stimulating neural receptors of the body’s own opioid system The body produces opioids, called endorphins and enkephalins, and opium and its derivatives fit into their receptors and stimulate them They are clearly addicting, increased tolerance of the drugs and withdrawal symptoms. Reactions to not have a dose may begin within 8 hours after the last injection. Individual typically has muscle pain, sneezes, sweats, becomes tearful and yawns a lot over the next few hours Withdrawal symptoms become more severe within 36 hours; may be uncontrollable twitching, cramps, chills alternating with excessive flushing and sweating, and a rise in heart rate and blood pressure Person is unable to sleep, vomits and has diarrhea Synthetic Sedatives Barbiturates: another major type of sedative, were synthesized as aids for sleeping and relaxation These drugs were initially considered highly desirable and were frequently prescribed Sedatives relax the muscles, reduce anxiety, and in small does produce a mildly euphoric state They are thought to produce these psychological effects by stimulating the GABA system. With excessive doses, speech becomes slurred and gait unsteady Judgement, concentration, and ability to work may be severely impaired The user loses emotional control and may become irritable and combative before falling into a deep sleep
Very large doses can be fatal because the diaphragm muscles relax to such an extent than an individual suffocates Stimulants Stimulants: act on the brain and the sympathetic nervous system to increase alertness and motor activity Amphetamines Isolated an alkaloid from the plant belonging to the genus Ephedra, and the result, ephedrine, proved highly successful in treating asthma. But relying on the shrub for the drug wasn’t efficient, so they developed a synthetic substitute -> Amphetamine Amphetamine produces its effects by causing the release of norepinephrine and dopamine and blocking their reuptake They are taken orally or intravenously and cab be addictive Wakefulness is heightened, intestinal functions are inhibited, and appetite is reduced Heart rate quickens, and blood vessels in the skin and mucous membranes constrict The individual becomes alert, euphoric, and outgoing and is possessed with seemingly boundless energy and self-confidence.

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