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Djinguereber Mosque, still stands today as testament to the glory of the Mali Empireand the massive strides taken by Mansa Musa, as the university was constructed tohouse 25 thousand students, and had the largest library in Africa since the Library ofAlexandria, with an estimated of a million manuscripts. The death of Musa is highly debated today as the dates of rulers to follow Musarecorded by the Islamic scholars placed his death in 1332, while other records statethat Musa soon died after his return from Mecca in 1225. Accounts by the Arabianhistorian Ibn Khaldun, who was born in 1332 and died in 1406, state that Musa wasstill alive following the capture of the city of Tlemce that occurred in 1337. None the
8less it is clear to many that Mansa Musa was one of the greatest rulers the MaliEmpire had from it’s founding to it’s eventual demise, and that through his vision theempire flourished and became I recognized power and central hub for many thingsranging from trade to culture and education. He alone stands contrast to the point thatAfrica had no history prior to European interference as that even parts of Europe hadcome to know of his great wealth and started to trade with the empire.EconomyThe empire flourished because of its trade, more than of its conquest. The empire hadthree main gold mines, therefor were producing their own supply of gold and were notsimply a depository. The empire also taxed all gold, copper and salt entering itsborders. The empire would eventually come to produce almost half the world’s(Africa, Europe, Asia) gold. It is also suggested by Ibn Battuta that slave trade was alarge part of the economy as in his travels he once traveled with six hundred slavewomen. To stem the inflation of gold the empire made a law that all gold entering theborders belonged to the Mansa and was to be handed to the imperial treasury uponentering the borders, in compensation the person would then be given gold dust worththe same amount as his original gold, and while gold dust was used all over theempire its worth was not the same in all provinces. Another large part of the Mali economy was salt, that was in equal value to gold in theNorth, and even more Expensive in the South, were is was less plentiful and usedmore often, such as in the southerner peoples diets. Naini itself was a major sellinghub for salt, with merchants bringing camels carrying salt to the capital. This was alarge part of the Taghazan economy where Ibn Battuta notated there were no moretrees, only sand and salt mines. Building in the area were also constructed of salt, as itwas easier to have enough to build with, in this specific area.DeclineThe decline of the Mali Empire began fifteenth century. Konkodougou Kamissa Keitacame to rule in 1360 and was named Mansa Mari Djata Keita II. His was anoppressive ruler that nearly bankrupt the empire, spending money on lavish luxuries,although he kept good a good relationship with Morocco. The next Mansa, MusaKeita II, through his time as Mansa in effect lost the city of Gao, and the native