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“Parental involvement in education is positively associated with a variety of favorable outcomes”
Literature Review7(Lemmons and Toldson, 2013, p.237). It is important to remember “an invitation for involvement from members of the school community is an important factor in motivating parentsto become involved in their child’s education” (Lemmons and Toldson, 2013, p.239). Per Pinder,Prime and Wilson (2014), students outperformed other students was when parents discussed school and assisted with homework, which were some of the factors correlated with students’ achievement. Shanker (1993) stated that “these differences in family background and income and in the courses the students take are so dramatic that what is surprising is not that private school students, on average, performed slightly better than public school students but they did not leave public school students behind in the dust. A high level of parental involvement is also correlated with a high level of a student’s self -competence and self-esteem (Tsereteli, Martskvishvili, Aptarashvili, Darasvelidze, and Sadzaglishvili, 2010, p.167).Quality of Education“Academic achievement is now limited to a single measure: the standardized test” (Barrier-Ferreira, 2008, p.138). It has been reported that public schools have more students with limitations of speaking English, creating more of a demand. on resources and needs of the teachers (Choy, 1998, p.30) School size can influence education. “Smaller schools are generally thought to be easier to manage and to promote a greater sense of community among students andteachers; however, large schools (within limits) are often more eqry uipped to offer a wider rangeof academic programs and support systems” (Choy, 1998, p.31). It should be noted that elementary teachers “complain the pressure to produce high test scores inhibits the work they regard as central to their mission: the development of caring and competent people” (Barrier-Ferreira, 2008, p.139).
Literature Review8Effectiveness of StandardizedStudies have showed that the focus of standards and testing have restricted students’ growth in terms of education (Barrier-Ferreira, 2008, p.139). “It might be very important for educators to correctly evaluate the nature of programs that cross between the public and private sectors and encourage honest debate about how they can work together to enhance education for all students” (DeBlois, (1997, p.90). “Standardized testing is a reality. Students are human beings with needs that reach beyond what is measured on a test” barrier-Ferreira, 2008, p.138).SummaryThere are three major themes in the literature reviewed concerning if there is a difference between private schools and public schools. These themes are interconnected and effect both schools. Research shows that environmental factors such as parental involvement play a significant part in a child’s education. There is more to teaching then testing. The quality of education is necessary for a school to grow and its students to maximize their learning capabilities.