DSST Business Ethics and Society-Study Guide 2

The lack of sufficient shower facilities could

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the lack of sufficient shower facilities could increase the risk of employee contamination Dukes v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. is an ongoing sexual discrimination lawsuit; the largest civil rights class action suit in US history (estimated 1.5 million female employees). It charges Wal-Mart with discriminating against women in promotions, pay, and job assignments in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The case started in 2000, when a 54-year-old Wal-Mart worker in California, Betty Dukes filed a sex discrimination claim. Dukes claims that, despite six years of hard work and excellent performance reviews, she was denied the training she needed to advance to a higher, salaried position. Wal-Mart's position is that Dukes clashed with a female Wal-Mart supervisor and was disciplined for admittedly returning late from lunch breaks. In 2004, journalist Liza Featherstone published a book about the case, Selling Women Short: The Landmark Battle for Workers' Rights at Wal-Mart in which she contends that Wal-Mart's success is based not only on its inexpensive merchandise or its popularity but also on bad labor practices. Watson vs. Forth Worth Bank and Trust - subjective and objective tests are legal if it does not create an adverse impact. A black bank teller was rejected four times in favor of white applicants for promotions to supervisory positions at the bank. The bank had not developed precise and formal selection criteria for the positions in question, but instead relied upon the subjective judgment of supervisors who were acquainted with the candidates and the nature of the jobs to be filled. All the supervisors involved in denying the teller the four promotions were white. Harris vs. Forklift - 1993 case, Court stated that the plaintiff was not required to prove psychological trauma in order to have a valid claim of harassment. This case refined & expanded the concept of the hostile workplace in sexual harassment suits. FACTS: Teresa Harris was sexually harassed by her employer. She filed suit in federal district court, claiming that the harassment created an "abusive work environment" in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The employer countered that the harassment had not been severe enough to seriously affect her psychologically or impair her ability to work, and that it therefore did not create an abusive work environment under the meaning of Title VII. The district court agreed, stating that the decision was a "close case" but that the harassment had not been severe enough to create an abusive work environment in violation of the Act. A Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals panel affirmed the district court's decision. Executive Order 12564 – founded under Ronald Reagan – Drug Free Federal workplace!
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Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 (campaign financing) the McCain-Feingold bill placed restrictions on individual and corporate campaign contributions. The bill sought to limit personal and corporate spending, restrict out of state contributions, ban corporate and labor union contributions and eliminate soft money contributions to political parties
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