Theoretical framework empirical research related to

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Theoretical framework Empirical research related to the  framework
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Literature Review Functions Rationale & history of topic area Prepares reader for theoretical perspective Establishes your hypotheses & research questions
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Literature Review Steps 1) Statement of the problem or question 2) Summary of previous research findings relevant to the topic -the focus here is on the common concepts, ideas, methods of the literature, not the articles themselves -organize according to these; avoid “boxcar method”
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Literature Review Steps Continued 3) Critical analysis Methods Measures Sample Statistics 4) Generate hypotheses & questions
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Hypotheses & Research Questions List the hypotheses & research questions separately outside of text. H1: As age increases, time spent online decreases. Provide a short explanation of the support for the hypotheses or research questions.
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Method Participants. How many. How obtained. Design (if an experiment; does not apply to observation and survey projects). Description of the type of design. Describe how the independent variable was varied.
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Method- continued Procedure. A chronology of the project. Discuss only the points pertinent to replicating the study. Instrumentation. Describe how all relevant concepts were measured. If available, mention information pertinent to the reliability and validity of the measures.
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Method- continued The goal of this section of the research report is to provide information sufficient so that others can replicate your study. This is easier said than done!!
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Results Explicitly state whether the hypothesis is supported or not and why. Present the data in such a manner that the reader can ascertain if they are consistent with the hypothesis or not. Use tables, figures, and statistics to do so.
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Discussion (Conclusion) Discuss the extent to which the data were consistent with the hypothesis. Explain how the results fit in the body of knowledge. Discuss the limitations of the study. Discuss the implications for past and future research.
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References Provide an entry for each work cited. Use APA format. Endnotes Endnotes Not a requirement. Not a requirement.
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Tables, Figures, or Both Provide tables, figures, or both to which you want the reader to refer. Place them at the end. Use APA format to title tables and figures.
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Other stuff Subheadings-in bold Page numbers Double-spaced in 10 or 12 point font
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  • Fall '09
  • TAMBORINI
  • Research Questions, academic research paper, email lobbying campaign

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