PHIL
Final Paper Philosophy Anna Kopituk.docx

One must be clear that evidence does not mean

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steps toward proof. One must be clear that evidence does not mean irrefutable proof, rather it is substantiation that one’s beliefs can be considered valid. Evidence is attainable, however, absolute proof is nearly, if not completely, unattainable. Yet, in a battle against evidence, Clark
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uses the common math equation: 2+2=4, as an example of a belief each person has. Everyone believes this math equation to be true, and if someone were to doubt it, it could easily be tested and proven to be, in fact, true. However, Clark goes on to challenge more difficult scientific laws that most people assume to be true such as e=mc^2 and that matter is made up of tiny particles. Clark claims that we know and believe these things to be true, not because of actual proof and evidence, rather from the testimony of science teachers and textbooks. In argument to this claim, consider the laws of gravity. Most people have not tested the laws of gravity but have been provided with detailed explanation and evidence as to why they are true. Yet, it is rational to believe in the laws because there is evidence of these laws being correct every day. If planes were to begin falling out of the sky or, oppositely, objects began floating around in midair, one would have reason to believe the laws are inaccurate and therefore irrational to believe in. However, this has not happened and thus, there is consistent evidence and argument to give people reason to rationally believe in the laws of gravity. This example can be used on all other scientific laws, and the same conclusion will be drawn. Therefore, to claim that a demand for evidence is impossible to supply is apathetic and ultimately incorrect.
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  • Spring '15
  • Matt Deaton
  • Logic, Faith, Kelly James Clark

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