Women were then expected to live out the callings of a wife and mother

Women were then expected to live out the callings of

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Women were then expected to live out the callings of a wife and mother. Important Figures and Terms Hermeneutics of Suspicion: approaches the biblical texts searching for patriarchy and looking for who benefits and who is injured Sangha: the Buddhist monastic order that was a self governing body based on consensual decision of the local monastic community Individuals who took vows and dedicated their lives to the pursuit of compassion and nirvana Both monks and nuns To attain Nirvana you must understand desire Celibacy is required for monks and nuns Nirvana: the ultimate goal of Buddhism State of egoless bliss The end of suffering which is caused by desire and yearning Big eschatological myth Path toward realizing nirvana: consisting of wisdom, morality, and contemplation Only gained through moral and mental discipline and a ruthless inquiry into the true nature of things Therigatha: “The Songs of the Elder [Nuns] A collection of poems ascribed to some of the nuns who were among the Buddha’s personal disciples.
Stated that enlightenment was available to both genders Nuns reasoning for entering monastic life was: Desire for freedom from the burden of lay life Yearning to transgress the endless cycle of rebirth and attain arhatship Riffat Hassan: Islamic feminist scholar of the Qu’ran Leila Ahmed: Egyptian-American writing on Islam and Islamic feminism Spoke about the two different varieties of Islam (men vs. women) Perpetua: Christian noblewomen/ saint Carthage, N. Africa Four Visions Rejects familial and material bonds Transforms into a man Martyr (a person who is killed because of their religious beliefs) Tertullian: a second-century father of the church Called women ‘the Devil’s gateway’ Paul: had a conversion experience Saul (hater of Jesus originally → Paul) Jewish, synagogue is a place of power Didn’t support Christians Didn’t draft his letters through a systematic afterlife Freedom from bondage → believes you have responsibility to serve others in exchange for the forgiveness of sins Against hierarchy The House Church: structure crucial to the spread of Christianity New congregations meeting in private house Gospel preached and communal meals shared Wealthy women provided facilities consistent with household management in antiquity Women taught, disciplined family members and servants, and managed material resources Women’s Leadership in the House Church Deaconess Helper Prophet/ traveling prophet Sacramental minister Asceticism: severe self-discipline and avoidance of all forms of indulgence for religious reasons In Buddhism: the Buddha pursued a life of ascetic wander in search of enlightenment there is no room for an omniscient and almighty god or for a concept similar to the Christian concept of sin of hell

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