Felt threatened by the mounting criticisms and

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felt threatened by the mounting criticisms and revealed the underlying discontent with the CCP in all parts of China On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People February 1957
One of key speeches of Mao which encourages 100 Flowers Campaign and became a hallmark of “Maoism” Leninism and Marxism assumption that communist party is infallible is wrong, class struggle continues in ideology thinking in Marxism The key points of this speech included the idea that the Communist Party did not have a monopoly and must be subjected to outside criticism and class struggle will continue in a socialist society in ideological form Results: o Great criticism on university campaigns against party elitism (great violence) and led to the anti-rightist campaign which created more restriction on though by the CCP o Mao claims to represent the people and essentially making him an infallible figure Winds of Exaggeration During the Great Leap Forward Harvest of 1958; inflated statistics of grain production Two commune structures of the Great Leap: the backyard steel furnace and the commune hall mess Overinflated production reports that occurred at each level of organization; reports made the peasants communes seem more than what they are actually producing Central government cannot do anything to save it after the reports are completely inaccurate Made it even more difficult for the leadership of the Party to recognize and slow the tragic effects of the Great Leap Forward which led into a economic decline and terrible famine Demonstrates a huge weakness of the CCP bureaucratic structure because the peasants were afraid to be honest o Led to greatest famine The Lushan Plenum July 1959, a month-long conference of Chinese leaders at the resort of Lushan to talk about the “political consensus” of the leadership group that had formed at Yan’an Peng Dehuai, defense minister, sent a letter to Mao about the Great Leap Forward was not a success because there are not enough crops for the people to survive Mao took this as a personal attack and later named Lin Biao as the new defense minister Mao had poisoned the air among the party and in early 1960, Mao led the charge for a new Great Leap, advocating establishing urban communes, sending cadres to the countryside to learn from the peasants Mao made it harder for oppositional viewpoints to be taken as anything but counterrevolutionary
Revised a “constitution” for the major Manchurian Anshan Iron and Steel Works and sets the stage for the national tragedy of the Cultural Revolution The Socialist Re-education Movement (1962) Created by Mao and led by Lin Biao Deal with the quality of local cadres and to refocus the party on the value of class struggle, caused more intense campaigns Mao drew heavy support of the People’s Liberation Army and it increased role in politics and more social images

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