Limited atonement of the five tenets of calvinism

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Limited AtonementOf the five tenets of Calvinism, limited atonement is perhaps the most controversial. Limited atonement refers to the salvation that is available only to the limited people that were predetermined to be saved by the Father. Calvinists believed that Jesus would not “waste” His blood on those who are fated for destruction (Proverbs 16:9).32They referred to verses such as John 10:14-16 and John 6:44, 65 to explain that Jesus knows who has been chosen by the Father and who has not been chosen.33In the Calvinists opinion, it would be a waste of time to atone forthe sins of the condemned. For them, there was no salvation.Irresistible GraceThis fourth doctrine of Calvinism summarizes God’s graciousness. Calvinists use this tenet to support the idea that without God, mankind would be destroyed. In addition, they offereda solution, and that is for the “dead” to turn their hearts to God which will, in turn, affect their 31 Ibid., 135.32 Ibid.33 Ibid., 135-136.
9inner spirits (Jeremiah 31:31-34).34Boyd and Eddy add that “God’s grace is irresistible because God changes the will of those who would otherwise resist it.35Perseverance of the SaintsThis tenet is sometimes referred to as the reassuring tenet or the doctrine of “eternal security.”36Perseverance of the saints affected those whose hearts have been turned toward God, they have a love for Him, and have His irresistible grace. It explains that these individuals will go through trials and tribulations, so they must persevere in their beliefs in order to gain their reward in Heaven.37In summary, the “New Testament teaching on salvation begins with the grim but realistic teaching of the total depravity of humans and ends with the glorious proclamation of the eternal security of the believer.”38The introduction and acceptance of the TULIP to Calvinism in 1619 was a landmark in the growth of the reformed church. It also meant the condemning of Arminianism as heretical.39Calvin’s Effect on Modern Christian Church34 Ibid., 136.35 Ibid.36 Ibid.37 Ibid.38 Ibid.39 Gonzalez, 233.
10Today it is believed that many churches are adopting Calvinistic ideals and theology. Oneof the main bodies of churches involved in this adoption is the Southern Baptist Convention churches.Collin Hansen wrote a recent article titled “Young, Restless and Reformed: Calvinism is Making a Comeback and Shaking Up the Church.”40This was published in Christianity Todayand focused on young Baptist ministers and the rebirth of Calvinism and Reformation among them. While the resurgence among Baptists may not be as radical as the Arminians in 1619, it is creating quite a similar division and impact.But not all Calvinisms are created equal. According to Allen and Lemke, “various types of Calvinism appear as a result of many Calvinisms rather than one monolithic ‘Calvinism’.”41Some Baptists are Calvinists only in soteriology and not in Reformation, and vice versa. Richard A. Muller, a faculty at the Calvin Theological Seminary, says:

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