Another attracting point is represented by Jilava Fort 13, which is part of the fortifications belt of Bucharest, built according to the plans of a famous Belgian military architect, General Henri Alexis Brialmont, starting with year 1884. In its time, the network formed of the 18 forts cost 111.5 million lei in gold, namely three times the annual budget allotted to the Romanian army. The erection of the fortifications belt took more than two decades, the works being particularly complex. The construction of Fort 13 itself is magnificent. Under this aspect, the architects identified it as an architectural work worthy of the Renaissance era, even if the Fort was erected closer to our time. They indicated that the Fort can be included without reticence among the Romanian architectural monuments. Dating from the second half of the 19th century, Jilava was used as a place of political imprisonment since the times of King Carol II, but only as transit prison, the living conditions being virtually unbearable. The communist regime turned it into a prison for time served, numerous political inmates spending there up to 5 or more years, sentenced to a slow and sure death. In the same penitentiary of Jilava executions took place, in an area called the “Valley of the Peaches”. In the 1980’s, the commune was part of Bucharest Sector 4, hence a neighbourhood of the capital. In the 1990’s, it was a distinct administrative territorial unit, with its own local authorities. During this period, as development level, it was close to the nearby localities – a peri-urban area of the capital, semi-industrialized, with population mainly occupied in the local and the capital’s industry. At a distance of 18 years – 2008, lagging is noticed, from the development viewpoint, comparatively to the nearby localities – limited number of jobs, population engaged in economic activities on the territory of other administrative territorial units, absence of public utility networks – sewerage, gas supply, water supply, bad roads, absence of health endowments and infrastructure, inadequate educational spaces, all these in spite of the fact that the local budget was above the national average for communes. The essential causes of this state of fact were represented by the lack of performance of the local authorities during the period 1990-2008.
Rural Marketing to the Aid of Local Development. Case Study - Jilava Commune… 51 3. The planning group. The strategic approach The planning group 5 is a structure responsible for the planning and execution of the specific rural marketing processes. In year 2009 an ample commune modernization and development process was commenced. In the first stage, a study was executed, with respect to the perception with regard to the commune. The study was run on three levels: population of the City of Bucharest. 231 persons were interviewed, inhabitants of the City of Bucharest, targeting: z The degree of knowledge of the localities in Ilfov County, including Jilava Commune; z The association elements with these localities; z
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- The Land, ........., ASEAN Economic Community, southeast asian regionalism