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He must be informed that if he has no lawyer or cannot affordthe services of a lawyer, one will be provided for him; andthat a lawyer may also be engaged by any person in his behalf,or may be appointed by the court upon petition of the personarrested or one acting on his behalf;5)That whether or not the person arrested has a lawyer, he mustbe informed that no custodial investigation in any form shallbe conducted except in the presence of his counsel of after avalid waiver has been made;6)The person arrested must be informed that, at any time, he hasthe right to communicate or confer by the most expedient means- telephone, radio, letter or messenger - with his lawyer(either retained or appointed), any member of his immediatefamily, or any medical doctor, priest or minister chosen byhim or by any one from his immediate family or by his counsel,or be visited by/confer with duly accredited national orinternational non-government organization. It shall be theresponsibility of the officer to ensure that this isaccomplished;7)He must be informed that he has the right to waive any of saidrights provided it is made voluntarily, knowingly andintelligently and ensure that he understood the same;8)In addition, if the person arrested waives his right to alawyer, he must be informed that it must be done in writingand in the presence of counsel, otherwise, he must be warnedthat the waiver is void even if he insist on his waiver andchooses to speak;9)That the person arrested must be informed that he may indicatein any manner at any time or stage of the process that he doesnot wish to be questioned with warning that once he makes suchindication, the police may not interrogate him if the same hadnot yet commenced, or the interrogation must cease if it hasalready begun;109
10) The person arrested must be informed that his initial waiverof his right to remain silent, the right to counsel or any ofhis rights does not bar him from invoking it at any timeduring the process, regardless of whether he may have answeredsome questions or volunteered some statements;11) He must also be informed that any statement or evidence, asthe case may be, obtained in violation of any of theforegoing, whether inculpatory or exculpatory, in whole or inpart, shall be inadmissible in evidence.(People v. Mahinay, 302 SCRA 455, Feb. 1, 1999, En Banc [Per Curiam])