should I give to defining my topic demonstrating it describing it or explaining

Should i give to defining my topic demonstrating it

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should I give to defining my topic, demonstrating it, describing it, or explaining its meaning?” De fi nition Some informative topics clearly require more definition than others. When you define information, you identify the essential qualities and meaning of some- thing. Consider, for example, these speech topics: What is cholesterol? What is a fractal? What is the Americans with Disabilities Act? When your topic is new to the audience or is a complex concept ( What is a fractal?”), pay particular attention to providing clear definitions. Definition can also be necessary when clarifying a controversial idea or issue. For example, TABLE 23.1 Types of Informative Speeches and Sample Topics Subject Matter Sample Topics Objects or phenomena De fi ne and describe object or phenomenon Demonstrate properties and functions MRI-based lie detectors e-book readers Liquid- fi lled eyeglasses El Niño wind patterns in the western United States People Vividly describe person’s compelling characteristics and explain person’s signi fi cance Offer stories about overcoming obstacles and lessons to be drawn from person’s actions Athletes Authors Inventors Political leaders Soldiers War or hurricane refugees Current or historical events Use description to paint a vivid picture Use reporting and analysis Tell the backstory The Affordable Care Act National College Cheerleading Finals Battle of Britain Violence along U.S./Mexico border Speeches about processes If physically showing a process, rely on demonstration Use presentation aids Isolation of DNA in cells Visualization in sports Production of algae-based biofuels Power Yoga routine Speeches about issues Focus on explanation Avoid advocating for one position versus another Impact of long-term unemployment Managing your reputation on social networking sites Legalizing and taxing nonmedical marijuana Speeches about concepts Offer multiple de fi nitions Use analogies Discuss underlying processes/causes Chaos theory Free speech Responsible knowledge Nanotechnology
CHAPTER 23 The Informative Speech 328 many of us are aware that affirmative action is a strategy to provide special opportunities for underrepresented groups, but how many people know about the Fisher decision that ruled it unlawful for colleges to use affirmative action as an admissions criteria? Defining information may sound straightforward, but there are in fact a number of ways to define something, including the following: • Defining the topic by explaining what it does ( operational definition ); for example, A computer is something that processes information. • Defining the topic by describing what it is not ( definition by negation ); for example, Courage is not the absence of fear.

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