In some things yes But Infants develop Object permanence Deferred imitation

In some things yes but infants develop object

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- In some things - yes - But! Infants develop: - Object permanence - Deferred imitation - Categorization - And problem solving by analogy *Earlier than Piaget Thought* Other things Piaget’s theory cannot account for: - Cognitive development looks continuous - Not all areas of infant cognition develop together… The Information Processing Approach - Is used to challenge a lot of Piaget’s ideas about development - particularly about how capable babies are of understanding their world - He underestimated babies cognitive memory abilities there's new EVIDENCE! - Common criticisms of Piaget - New evidence - aAs infants mature, they go about understanding the environment in increasing the environment in increasingly sophisticated ways: - Early categories = perceptual - Later categories = conceptual Vygotsky - The zone of Proximal Development
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- The range of a task that the child cannot yet handle on his or her own, but can do with the help of more skilled partners Language Development - At birth--- Kids can understand all contrasting sound in any language - 6 months--- Babies are screaming out those phonemes they haven't been exposed to - 4-6 months--- the D and T comes first an the M and N comes first \ Language Milestones You are able to understand a new language than you can speak Fast Mapping goes away around 5 or 6 years old Take-Home Message - What categorizes children’s language development - Astonishing Pace - Fast Mapping - Passive mastery develops faster than active mastery
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Lecture 11: Social and Emotional Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood Return to Erikson - First “life-span” theory - Each successive stage in life-course comes with its own unique developmental conflict - That must be resolved well for healthful development to ensue *Once you pass on from one stage you can't go back to thinking in a previous conflict* Basic Trust v. Mistrust - At birth, children emerge from the womb - a world or regularity, warmth, and protection - Thus , quality care sense that the world is a good place - In Order to develop well the primary caregiver must comfort their child by - Relieving discomfort from speed and sensitivity - Holding the baby gently - Waiting until the baby has had enough milk to put the bottle away - Weaning when the baby is ready Trusting Infants: - Have faith that the world will be good to them - They are confident exploring that world - Exploration is key Mistrusting Infants - Do not count on the world to be kind or compassionate - They withdraw from people and things in order to protect themselves Autonomy v. Shame and Doubt - Parenting is important ! - Good Parenting: - Neither over - or - Under-controls a child’s world - Makes use of tasks in child's Zone of Proximal Development (expectaitions are neither too lax, or demotivating/ demoralizing)
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Recipe for an Autonomous Child - Set reasonable expectations. A self - confident 2 year old should be able to: - Be encouraged to use the toilet - Eat with a spoon - Help pick up his or her toys - Do not criticize or attack a child for failed attempts at using new skills
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