Comprehensive instructional programs that focus on a range of social competency skills, and that are delivered over a long period of time to continually reinforce skills Describe the juvenile justice process. What is adjudication ? What is disposition? o Juvenile Justice Process under the parens patriae philosophy, juvenile justice procedures are informal and nonadversarial, invoked for juvenile offenders rather than against them. A petition instead of a complaint is filed, courts make findings of involvement or adjudication of delinquency instead of convictions, and juvenile offenders receive dispositions instead of sentences. o Adjudication is the trial stage of the juvenile court process. o Disposition for juvenile offenders is the equivalent of sentencing for adult offenders. They should be more rehabilitative than retributive. What are the similarities and differences between juvenile and adult justice systems? o Similarities: discretion used in decision making, Miranda warnings, protection from prejudicial lineups or identification procedures, safeguards when admission of guilt is given, right to counsel at most key stages of court process, pretrial motions available, negotiations and plea bargaining exist, right to a hearing and appeal, standard of evidence is proof beyond a reasonable doubt, can be placed on probation, placed in pretrial detention facilities, boot camp correctional facilities, undergo drug testing o Differences: juvenile procedures to protect and treat and adult to punish, age, status offenses only apply to youths, juvenile proceedings are informal and private and adult are formal and public, courts cant release ID info to press about youth but have to about adult, standard of arrest more stringent for adults, youths released to parental custody and adults bail, youths no constitutional right to a jury trial, youth’s record is sealed when reach age 18 and adult ‘s is permanent. What are the main components of a comprehensive juvenile justice strategy ? o Comprehensive Juvenile Justice Strategy are prevention in early childhood, intervention for at-risk teenage youths, graduated sanctions to hold juvenile offenders accountable for crimes, proper utilization of detention and confinement, and placement of serious juvenile offenders in adult courts. What are the potential benefits of teen courts?
o Relieve overcrowding, provide a more effective response to reducing recidivism
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 7 pages?
- Fall '14
- juvenile court