D) Prototype theory suggests that it should take individuals longer to recognize a penguin than a robin because of the greater number of penguin exemplars held in the mind. Hide Feedback Correct! If individuals were utilizing prototype theory, it is possible that it would take longer to identify the penguin as a bird than the robin because our average or prototype bird is more similar to a robin than a penguin because of our vast experience with robin compared to penguins. 16. Which of the following statements regarding baboon categorization is correct? A) Baboons are able to learn classify objects into simple categories but struggle on more abstract categories. B) The ability of baboons to classify objects provides evidence to support the prototype theory of classification. C) Baboons are able to learn to classify novel objects indicating that basic categorization exists in non-human animals. D) The ability of baboons to classify objects provides evidence to support the exemplar theory of classification. Hide Feedback Correct! Baboons' ability to categorize novel objects indicates to researchers that categorization exists, to some extent, in non-human animals. 17. Recent evidence presented in the assigned journal reading has suggested that seeing a hammer and a dog activate two different regions of the visual cortex. Which of the following statements does this finding support? A) Objects are designated a specific region of the visual cortex if the person has been exposed to that object very early in life. B) All objects, living or non-living, activate a specific region of the visual cortex dedicated to its processing. C) The human ability to understand the difference between living and non-living objects is a result of experience, which designates distinct cortical regions for these categories. D) Humans have an innate understanding of the difference between living organisms and non-living objects.
Correct! This specific response of the visual cortex is seen in individuals that have never previously been exposed to the object, suggesting it is an innate mechanism. 18. Which of the following best outlines the reason why Alfonso Caramazza suggests that it is important to understand the brain in terms of evolutionary context, as presented in the journal reading entitled "Wired for Categorization"? The connections between the visual cortex to other areas of the brain are developed following the learning of categorization in infants. The connections between the visual cortex and other areas of the brain do not require visual input to form. Milk and meat, along with other foods that are important for evolutionary survival, are categorized more efficiently than other objects. Since dogs have a separate mental process of categorization than humans, it is important to understand each species brain in terms of their evolutionary ancestors.
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