Thus judgement based on sound reasoning goes beyond

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Thus, judgement based on sound reasoning goes beyond, and is never to be equated with, fact  alone or mere opinion alone. Facts are typically used in reasoning, but good reasoning does more  than state facts. Furthermore, a position that is well-reasoned is not to be described as simply  "opinion." Of course, we sometimes call the judge's verdict an "opinion," but we not only expect, we  demand that it be based on relevant and sound reasoning. Only the third kind of question is a matter of sheer opinion. The second kind is a matter of reasoned  judgement- we can rationally evaluate answers to the question (using universal intellectual  standards such as clarity, depth, consistency and so forth). When questions that require better or worse answers are treated as matters of opinion, pseudo  Critical thinking occurs. This creates a situation where students/learners uncritically assume that  everyone's "opinion" is of equal value. Their capacity to appreciate the importance of intellectual  standards diminishes, and we can expect to hear questions such as: What if I don't like these standards? Why shouldn't I use my own standards? Don't I have a right to my own opinion? What if I'm just an emotional person? What if I like to follow my intuition? What if I don't believe in being "rational?" Why should I listen to you? They begin to fail to see the difference between offering legitimate reasons and evidence in support  of a view and simply asserting the view as true. The failure to teach students to recognize, value,  and respect good reasoning is one of the most significant failings of education today; the absence of  a critical and creative component in education. 1.6 SUMMARY: Socrates as an enigma in critical d isp ensation  The philosopher Socrates remains, as he was in his lifetime (469–399 B.C.E.), an enigma, an  inscrutable individual who, despite having written nothing, is considered one of the handful  of philosophers who forever changed how philosophy itself was to be conceived and the 
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dynamics of critical thought. Believing as he did, Socrates never feigned knowledge, he  believed that the capacity to know is in built in individuals and all those individuals need is a  trigger to awaken the critical spirit within for them to realize and actualize their mental  potentials. One Socrates is far much better that a thousand tyrant fools. Socrates is a true  catalyst to criticality and creativity.
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