Indian National Congress – formed in 1885, largest political party in India had shifted from a call for a greater participation in the colonial government to a demand for self rule. Gandhi - was the preeminent leader of Indian independence movement in British-ruled India . Employing nonviolent civil disobedience , Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. Satyagrapha - or soul force or truth force , is a particular philosophy and practice within the broader overall category generally known as nonviolent resistance or civil resistance Ali Jinna - Jinnah served as leader of the All-India Muslim League from 1913 until Pakistan's independence on 14 August 1947, and as Pakistan's first Governor-General from independence until his death. He is revered in Pakistan as Quaid-i-Azam [b] (Great Leader) and Baba-i-Qaum [c] ( Father of the Nation ). Sukarno - Sukarno was the leader of his country's struggle for independence from the Netherlands and was Indonesia's first president, in office from 1945 to 1967. Ho Chi Minh - was a Vietnamese Communist revolutionary leader who was prime minister (1945–1955) and president (1945–1969) of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). Pan-Africanism - ideology and movement that encourages the solidarity of Africans worldwide. It is based on the belief that unity is vital to economic, social, and political progress and aims to "unify and uplift" people of African descent. Negritude - They believed that the shared black heritage of members of the African diaspora was the best tool in fighting against French political and intellectual hegemony and domination. They formed a realistic literary style and formulated their Marxist ideas as part of this movement. Nkrumah - was the leader of Ghana and its predecessor state, the Gold Coast , from 1951 to 1966. Overseeing the nation's independence from British colonization in 1957, Nkrumah was the first President of Ghana and the first Prime Minister of Ghana Kenyatta - was the leader of Kenya from independence in 1963 to his death in 1978, serving first as Prime Minister (1963–64) and then as President (1964–78). He is considered the founding father of the Kenyan nation. Reza Pahlavi - is the last crown prince of the former Imperial State of Iran and current head of the House of Pahlavi . Ataturk - was a Turkish army officer, reformist statesman , and the first President of Turkey . He is credited with being the founder of the Republic of Turkey . Vargas - was a noted Peruvian painter of pin-up girls. He is often considered one of the most famous of
the pin-up artists. Numerous Vargas paintings have sold and continue to sell for hundreds of thousands of dollars. Juan and Eva Peron – He was an Argentine military officer and politician. After serving in several government positions, including those of Minister of Labor and Vice President of the Republic, he was three times elected as President of Argentina , serving from June 1946 to September 1955, when he was overthrown by a coup d'état , and from October 1973 to July 1974. She was the first lady.