Course Hero Logo

Granted the executive branch more power155 on 12

Course Hero uses AI to attempt to automatically extract content from documents to surface to you and others so you can study better, e.g., in search results, to enrich docs, and more. This preview shows page 10 - 12 out of 54 pages.

granted the executive branch more power.[155]On 12 August 1999, the new constituent assembly voted to give themselves the powerto abolish government institutions and to dismiss officials who were perceived ascorrupt or as operating only in their own interests. Opponents of the Chávez regimeargued that it was therefore dictatorial.[183][184] Most jurists believed that thenew constituent assembly had become the country's "supreme authority" and that allother institutions were subordinate to it.[185] The assembly also declared a"judicial emergency" and granted itself the power to overhaul the judicial system.The Supreme Court ruled that the assembly did indeed have this authority, and wasreplaced in the 1999 Constitution with the Supreme Tribunal of Justice.[186][187]The constituent assembly[179] put together a new constitution, which was voted onat a referendum in December 1999. Seventy-two percent of those who voted approvedof the new constitution. There was a low turnout and an abstention vote of over50%.[182][188][189] The new constitution provided protections for the environmentand indigenous people, socioeconomic guarantees and state benefits and gave greaterpowers to the president.[179][190] The presidential term was extended to six years,and a president was allowed to serve for two consecutive terms. Previously, asitting president could not run for reelection for 10 years after leaving office.It also replaced the bicameral Congress with a unicameral Legislative Assembly, andgave the president the power to legislate on citizen rights, to promote militaryofficers and to oversee economic and financial matters.[179][190] The assembly alsogave the military a mandated role in the government by empowering it to ensurepublic order and aid national development, which the previous constitution hadexpressly forbidden.[190]In the new constitution, the country, until then officially known as the Republicof Venezuela, was renamed the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (RepúblicaBolivariana de Venezuela) at Chávez's request.[181][182]The 1999 Venezuelan constitution eliminated much of Venezuela's checks andbalances, Chávez's government controlled every branch of the Venezuelan governmentfor over 15 years after it passed until the Venezuelan parliamentary election in2015.[155][191]Second presidential term: 10 January 2001 – 10 January 2007Under the new constitution, it was legally required that new elections be held in
order to re-legitimize the government and president. This presidential election inJuly 2000 would be a part of a greater "megaelection", the first time in thecountry's history that the president, governors, national and regional congressmen,mayors and councilmen would be voted for on the same day.[192][193][194] Going intothe elections, Chávez had control of all three branches of government.[186] For theposition of president, Chávez's closest challenger proved to be his former friendand co-conspirator in the 1992 coup, Francisco Arias Cárdenas, who since becominggovernor of Zulia state had turned towards the political centre and begun todenounce Chávez as autocratic.[195] Although some of his supporters feared that hehad alienated those in the middle class and the Roman Catholic Church hierarchy whohad formerly supported him, Chávez was re-elected with 60% of the vote (theequivalent of 3,757,000 people), a larger majority than his 1998 electoral victory,[196][197] again primarily receiving his support from the poorer sectors of

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 54 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Fall
Professor
professor_unknown
Tags
Hugo Chavez, The Grave, Hugo Rafael Chavez Frias

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture