Pius ix was pope at this time he was the longest

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PIUS IX was Pope at this time, he was the longest reigning Pope.He reacted against the creation of Italy by saying they wereguilty of theft.Said they stole the Papal state and the city of Rome and that theywould go to hell.1874 he issued a Papal Letter (PAPAL BULL)—NON EXPEDITItalian Catholics should not have anything to do with theircountry. If you serve, are part of the government, or vote, youare committing a sin.LEO XIITook over when Pius died.He was a very liberal Pope, but not in regard to Italy.1886—NON LICET, issued by Leo, another Papal bullReiterated the previous Papal Bull, do not have anything to dowith Italy.F.AGUSTINO DEPRETIS, FRANCESCO CRISPI, and GIOVANNI GIOLITTI werethe greatest rulers after Cavour died.If you got in their way, they took you in and made you a part ofthe corruption, and if you still rebelled they made you“disappear”.CRISPIwas said to make bribery “fine art.”GIOLITTIsaid if you have a problem, leave it alone. Mostproblems solve themselves, or get so bad you cant fix them. Hehad no solution to any problem. He was such a hopeless person. TheItalian people gave him the nicknameBOLOGNA SAUSAGE…in italythis was half pork, and half from donkey meat. A combination ofPORK ASS, that is what they called their Prime Minister.AVANTI!:20
The title of their newspaper. BENITO MUSSOLINI was the editor ofthis.They will say he cant be any worse, but he can be.GERMANYOTTO VON BISMARCKoRuler of Germany, most influential figure in the 19thcentury.oHe was 6’4 when the average man was 5’5.oVery well educated, and knew all the languages.o1862—became Prime minister of Germany.oHe remained devoutly Christian.oThe weird combination of religion and struggle made hispersonality very distinctive.oHe uttered these words when he became Prime Minister:o“The great questions of the day are not settled by speeches ornegotiations, they are settled by WAR.”oHe wanted to create a Germany that was welded together by war andstruggle.oHe had to convince the king, WILLHELM I, that the wars he wantedto fight were winnable.GET NOTES FOR THURS 3/15 AND TUES 3/20Victoria 1837-1901Edward VII 1901-10Geroge V 1910-Lord Earl GreyRobert PeelLord Melbourne (Edward Lamb)W.E. GlasstoneB. DisrealiLord SalisburyR. CecilH. AsquithD. Lord GeorgeConservativesLiberalsToriesLaborWags?The Monarchy in G. Britain reined, but PARLIAMENT ruled.Victoria had the second longest reign in modern history. (1839-1901)oShe married a German Prince, PRINCE ALBERToHe was called her CONSORToThey were actually in love, which wasn’t always true formarriages.oThey had a lot of childrenoIn 1861, he died of typhoid fever. (Most people died of infectiousdiseases.)21
oHis death was an example of how contingent life was before modernmedicine.oHer eldest son, Edward VII, took the throne as an old man. “Thelast fun King”oHe was given the title PRINCE OF WHALES, name given to inheritorsof the throne in England.

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Term
Spring
Professor
Zucker
Tags
History, Marie Antoinette, Industrial Revolution, The Wealth of Nations, Louis XVI of France, Louis XVIII of France

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