declared himself, and awaited deliverer, widespread corruption of Islamic ideals Difference between colonialism & imperialism (33)- Colonialism: Europeans grow the cash crop, take the money, and go home Imperialism: Tied to industrial revolution. Foreigners want protection to save the money they spent on their land Berlin Conference 1884-85- established guidelines to ease the frictions created by European ambitions in Africa. Cecil Rhodes- The individual who said "My ruling purpose is the extension of the British empire" Suez Canal- an ar tificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea Belgian Congo- the violence used by Free State officials against indigenous Congolese and a ruthless system of economic exploitation led to intense diplomatic pressure on Belgium to take official control of the country, which it did by creating the Belgian Congo Henry Stanley- Went on a Congo expedition to find a Dr. Livingstone in order to write propaganda on why colonizing the Africa is cool dudes. Saw land, began Europeans interest in africa Boer Wars- british vs. boers, dutch settlers, british wanted to sell them out because diamonds on land, Paul krooger was 1 st president of south Africa Apartheid- racist policy Kwame Nkrumah- Led for Independence in the Gold Coast Nelson Mandela- Led for Independence in South Africa Rwandan genocide- Presidents of Rwanda and Burundi were shot down in a helicopter and the Tutsis (wealthy tribes) were blamed Muslim Empires & Decline (21/27) Ottoman Empire- imperial Turkish state centered in Constantinople, ruled parts of Balkan, Mehmed the Conqueror- end of byzantine empire, beginning of ottoman empire, expansion into Europe, invasion of Italy ended by his death
Suleyman the Magnificent- invaded hungary, battle of mohacs, Turkish victory, hungary annexed to ottoman empire Tanzimat Reforms- attempt to bring the ottoman empire into the modern era, and help integrate non muslims and non ottomans Young Ottomans- constitution 1876, military coup, parliament defeated Safavid Empire- Ismael I- conquered Persians, ancestor of safi-ad-din, sufi holy man, safaviya, mystic military brotherhood. Converted Persians to shia, defeated by suleiman
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