Worried about the arab revolt fears of disloyalty

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Worried about the Arab revolt  Fears of disloyalty, clamped down on Arab provinces  o Authoritarian control and repression in the Arab provinces  Key fronts and battles  o Constant warfare with Russia in the East o Mass relocations and killing of Armenians  Some Armenians did support the Russians in principle, up to 1 million people died in  the mass relocations  Most died of malnutrition and disease  Controversial in Turkey now, they do not call this a genocide  Became a political issue for Turkey and the Armenians  o Battle of Gallipoli to capture Istanbul and open Russian supply lines Strategically very successful for the Ottomans, key battle   o Battles with British in Iraq and Egypt  British were interested in taking Iraq because they wanted to supply lines in India Access to oil which had been discovered Converting navy from coal powered to oil powered.  Oil had become a geopolitical factor  Critical to the British  o Battles in Egypt for the Suez Canal  Led to counter offensives, British pick up the Arab revolt.  Inspire the Arabs to revolt against the British (Lawrence of Arabia)  o Sharif Husayn of Mecca made agreements with Henry McMahon, British High Commissioner  of Egypt for an Arab Revolt and a future Arab state Promised the Arabs a homeland, but this didn’t work out  Territorial Agreements  McMahon’s agreement with Sharif Husayn (head religious figure in Mecca)  o He would support a military support in exchange for an Arab homeland. 
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o Ambiguity around Palestine; coastal Syria possibly expected  Whether or not it would be part of an Arab homeland (Levant and Arabia would be part of it)  Sykes-Picot agreement (1916)  o Secret treaty between Britain and France  Essentially agreed that after the war they would divide the Middle East between them  o Divided the Middle East between them (France – Syria/Lebanon region, Britain – Iraq;  International – Palestine, diplomatic agreement to divide up the spoils of the war)  Did not work with the promise made with Sharif Husayn  o Contravened the McMahon promises to Husayn  Balfour Declaration (1917) o From the British foreign secretary to Zionist leaders pledging to support Jewish settlement in  Palestine  Agreed to this, history has a number of debates as to why  o Jewish settlement would benefit the British  o Required British support in Palestine to make it work  Treaty of Sevres (1920)  o Disposition of Ottoman territory after the war Takes apart Ottoman territory  o
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