President reagan agreed to the act on promises from

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President Reagan agreed to the Act on promises from Tip O’Neill (Speaker of the House of Representatives) and the Democrats (who controlled Congress) that they would secure the border if he signed the bill. This did not happen. Imperial Presidency: The theory (often attributed to Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. whose book of 1973 had that title) that in the course of the 20 th century and especially since the 1930s because of ongoing threats to national security, the power of the presidency has grown until by the 1960s it had gained nearly boundless powers in foreign affairs and war making, thereby threatening to make the presidency the dominant branch of government. Also, beginning with FDR in 1939 and reaching a peak with Nixon, the White House Office and the Executive Office of the President were established and grew in size creating a virtual government-within-the-government, loyal to the president personally and allowing the president personal management of both domestic policy and foreign affairs. The power of the presidency has again increased dramatically since 911 under George W. Bush and even more so under Barrack H. Obama. Indian Claims Commission: Commission set up to review tribal cases against the U.S. government which alleged that ancestral lands had been illegally taken from them through violation of federal treaties. INF Treaty: Treaty signed by the U.S. (Reagan) and the U.S.S.R. (Gorbachev) in 1988 that provided for the destruction of a whole class of intermediate-range missiles by both countries. This, along with the Washington Conference of 1921, was one of the most successful disarmament efforts of the 20 th century. This treaty was actually a compromise following the failure of Reagan and Gorbachev to agree on a general nuclear disarmament agreement in Iceland in 1986. That had failed because the U.S.'s European allies were opposed to a total nuclear
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disarmament and the U.S.S.R. was opposed to Reagan's Star Wars defense-in- space anti-missile system. installment buying: 1915 method of allowing people to pay for goods a little at a time over an extended period thereby extending the common man credit and immediate gratification. People could buy things for which they did not have the whole price. Businesses adopted this practice initially in the 1920s and increasingly after 1945 in order to promote sales especially of consumer goods the production of which increased enormously after 1945. The economy came to depend to a considerable extent on consumer purchases which often had to be stimulated by means such as installment buying. This tended to increase personal indebtedness and could lead to bankruptcy in economic hard times. institutional racism: The theory that minorities and people of lower socioeconomic status suffer discrimination generally and continually as a result of the way U.S. society is organized and operated. This is based on the argument that power and authority in the U.S. is centered in institutions--private and governmental--and that the individuals in the highest positions in those institutions wield extraordinary power. Those individuals have traditionally been
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Christopher Reinemann
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