lower motor neuron lesion
and how it is diagnosed.
A lower motor neuron lesion is the interruption of motor tracts from spinal cord to muscle and is
indicated by flaccid paralysis, absence of normal and abnormal reflexes, and muscle wasting.
What is the treatment for hydrocephalus?
Surgical insertion of a shunt from the obstructed ventricular system to the right atrium of the heart
or to the peritoneal cavity.
2. Describe the symptoms and physical examination findings in patients with multiple sclerosis.
The patient may experience irregular, intermittent or progressive impairment of sensory or motor
function: hypesthesia, paresthesia, visual disturbances, disorders of equilibrium; muscular weakness,
spasticity, or unsteadiness; tremors, nystagmus, diplopia, disturbances of swallowing or bladder
function. Findings on neurologic examination are typically diffuse and highly variable: hypesthesia
or anesthesia, irregularly distributed muscle weakness with spasticity and hyperactive deep tendon
reflexes, Babinski reflex, impaired superficial abdominal reflexes, ataxia, uncoordinated (scanning)
speech, tremors, nystagmus, temporal pallor of the optic disks followed by optic atrophy, visual field
defects, emotional lability.