If expenses for travel need to be withdrawn from the coffers of theKatipunan, will hand over the required amount to the chief as ordered, andwill also provide any other necessities and give a true and honest reckoningof the expenditure or expenses incurred. Head of the Army40.Receives orders from the chief in charge of the Katipunan and putsthem into effect immediately without delay. Will get funds from the coffers of the Katipunan every month and beresponsible for distributing the full amount to their men. Must not neglect to ensure that their men are trained to obeyorders from above. Rules for allThe two members at the base of each triangle will report on theiractivities to the third member, who in turn will pass information on to hisleader, and so on until it reaches the top. This will also be the procedure tobe followed for sending contributions to the head. It will likewise be theway to proceed when orders need to be passed down from above, orcommunications from the Secretary need to be filtered down to the base. Absolute secrecy must be maintained in relation to the plans, deedsand commands of the chiefs of the Katipunan. These must not be disclosedeven to parents, brothers and sisters, children, spouses and other lovedones and partners in life, no matter what the temptation, because theKatipunan will deal harshly with every violation of this order. Anything that is the subject of discord, any case concerning propertyor wealth, must not be brought before any court outside the Katipunan. Everything will be judged and resolved by their Katipunan. 1892-1895Center, Appointment, September 2, 1892Center (Ubod)Appointment of Restituto Javier as representative of the Katipunan inMindanao, September 2, 1892Source:Photographs of the original document in the collection ofEmmanuel Encarnacion. I am most grateful to Mr Encarnacion for sharing the document, andto Rosabella Fernandez for the photographs.Apart from the founding statements and statutes, this appointmentis the earliest Katipunan document yet found. At this time the society’shighest organ was not yet known as the Supreme Council, but simply as theCenter (“Ubod”). The three-page document is written in cipher, and waspenned by Andres Bonifacio.The document authorizes Restituto Javier (“Mangahas”) to organizeKatipunan triangles in Mindanao. Javier has accepted his assignment underoath and signed the paper in his own blood, witnessed by four of theKatipunan’s initial inner circle: Teodoro Plata (“Pangligtas”) as kinatawanorrepresentative; Ladislao Diwa (“Baliti”) as fiscal; Andres Bonifacio(“Maypagasa”) as secretary; and Valentin Diaz (“Walangulat”) as councilor.Plata’s designation as kinatawan, placed directly below the title “AngNangungulo” (The President), might indicate that he signed the
appointment on behalf of the president, Deodato Arellano, who for somereason was not present.