1. Roosevelt did this without asking Congress, which caused some uproar. A. Do you think the president should have circumvented Congress?B. What do you think about Obama’s circumvention of Congress with the immigration scandal (accepting thousands of illegal immigrant children into the U.S. daily and taking American taxes and paying for camps for the children [many who are adults masquerading as children] instead of turning them around at the border)? C. Do the ends justify the means?E. The Lend-Lease Bill 1940: America pledged itself, to the extent of its vast resources, to bolster those nations that were indirectly defending it by fighting aggression1. In the end, America had sent about $50 billion worth of arms and equipment to those nations fighting aggressors2. To some it was an economic declaration of war; it ended any pretense of neutralityA. Hitler had avoided American ships until the lend-lease bill was passed. On May 21, 1941, the Robin Moor, an unarmed American merchantman, was torpedoed and destroyed by a German submarine in the South Atlantic, outside a war zone.XII. Chartering a New WorldA. June 1941, almost exactly a year after it had captured France, Germany invaded the Soviet Union.