Glencoe Health 2005.pdf

# The statistics provided by the cdc are shown in

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The statistics provided by the CDC are shown in several different forms. Cases can be grouped by age, location, race or ethnicity, or source of exposure.This table shows the ten states or territories that have reported the highest total number of AIDS cases according to all figures received by December 2001. 1. What is the median value of the numerical data in the table? 26,369 35,097 43,824 58,594 2. What is the mean of the numerical data in the table? about 26,000 35,097 58,594 125,804 3. Does the fact that these nine states and one territory have the highest number of AIDS cases necessarily mean that they have the highest percentage of AIDS cases, based on the population of the state or territory? Explain your answer. State/ Total Number Territory of AIDS Cases New York 149,341 California 123,819 Florida 85,324 Texas 56,730 New Jersey 43,824 Pennsylvania 26,369 Illinois 26,319 Puerto Rico 26,119 Georgia 24,559 Maryland 23,537 HS_HEALTH_U08_C25_CR 1/30/04 2:07 PM Page 671

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672 Noncommunicable Diseases and Disabilities Cardiovascular Diseases Cancer Allergies,Asthma, Diabetes, and Arthritis Physical and Mental Challenges HS_HEALTH_U08_C26_CO 12/8/03 5:38 PM Page 672
Using Visuals. Healthful lifestyle behaviors, including eating nutritious foods and getting regular physical activity, can reduce a person’s risk of developing diseases such as heart disease and cancer. Describe one lifestyle behavior that can reduce the risk of skin cancer. 673 Make this Foldable to help you organize what you learn about cardiovascular disease. Begin with a sheet of notebook paper. Fold a sheet of notebook paper in half along the long axis. On the top fold, cut along every third line from the outside edge to the centerfold to form ten tabs. Label the tabs as shown. As you read and discuss the material in the chapter, use your Foldable to define terms, take notes, list statistics, and write descriptions pertaining to the chapter vocabulary terms. Before You Read CVD Circulatory System Hypertension Atherosclerosis Angina Pectoris Arrhythmias Heart Attack Congestive Heart Failure Stroke Risk Factors As You Read HS_HEALTH_U08_C26_CO 12/8/03 5:39 PM Page 673

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century ago communicable diseases were a leading cause of A death in the United States. Since then, the average life span of Americans has nearly doubled, primarily because of public health efforts and new technologies. Today, however, major causes of death, such as heart disease and cancer, come from a different kind of disease. A is a disease that is not transmitted by another person, a vector, or the environment. Medical science has identified certain habits and behaviors that either increase or decrease the risk of many of these diseases. Cardiovascular Diseases our cardiovascular system transports blood to all parts of Y your body. Without oxygen and other materials that blood carries, your cells would die. Sometimes diseases interfere with the pumping action of the heart or the movement of blood through blood vessels. A is a disease that cardiovascular disease (CVD) noncommunicable disease Every day your heart pumps blood through the arteries to all the cells of your body.
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