Founder of choson strong alliance with chong tojon in

This preview shows page 7 - 9 out of 12 pages.

Founder of Choson (strong alliance with Chong Tojon) in effort to dismantle late Koryo aristocratic orderRepelled Japanese pirates and Red Turban raiders (scion of a military family)Issues “Founding Edict” asserting his legitimacy, setting forth the means and rationale for action, why previous Koryo was badDisenfranchisement of Buddhist establishment Neo-ConfucianismStrengthened position of his monarchy in relation to the bureaucracy“Admonition to the New King” written by Inspector General to tell King what he should doRegarded as a revolutionary and a decisive ruler who disposed the inept, obsolete and crippled governing system to save the nation from many foreign forces and conflictsKing Sejong= ? ? ? ?  (Sejong the Great) (r. 1418-1450)Fourth king of Choson DynastyHall of Worthies (state research institute)oNative Korean alphabet, Hunmin chongum(1146) a simplified system of written communication over literary Chinese, was meant to enhance the state’s dissemination for Confucian teachings (reinforced Confucian policies)oOther developments like histories, gazetteers, geographiesIdeal of the sagacious monarch who promoted the welfare of the common people above allImjin Wars/Hideyoshi Incastions= ? ? ? ?  (1592-1598)“Rightoues Army” guerilla bands mobilized throughout country to attack invaders and obstruct Japanese lines of communications and suppliesoBelieved to have represented mass of the common, downtrodden people who came to rescue when the upper classes and monarchy failed to protect the nation, but appears to have been led by local aristocratsJapanese invasions to conquer Ming DynastyFactionalism (form of party politics) made decisions difficult (Won Kyon)Legendary hero Yi Sunsin (turtle ships)Chinese (Ming Dynasty) played an indispensable role in the allied victory over JapanWeakened Choson against Manchu invasions (Koreans shocked when China falls)
Sin Saimdang= ? ? ? ?  (1504-1551)Daughter of Lady YI and mother of YulgokReceived equal inheritance from Lady Yi and was allowed by husband to live with parentsConfucian family system led to weakened standing of women (from pre-Choson relatively “advance” social and familial standing females to primogeniture)Claims to fame probably based on fact she raised a celebrated scholar and statesman oSeen as a paragon of traditional male Confucian virtue during Choson period (Yulgok was ritual heir, ancestral responsibilities) Yangban= ? ?  (“two ranks or orders”) – literary and scholarly rank (civil) + martial rank (military)Yangban factionsoMeritorious elites (Merit subject’s, like Chong Tojon, descendants) vs. Neo Confucian literatiPart of traditionally ruling class or nobles of Choson DynastyYangban title and government post was conferred to individuals who passed state-sponsored civil service exams (Confucian classics and history) not reallySocial Discontent: Literati purges and Hong Kyongnae RebellionChungin= ? ?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture