What is the teacher’s role in this model? W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011
Supports for Academic Achievement: Bryk and Colleagues Essential Supports for Academic Achievement 1. Instructional Leadership 2. Relational Trust across the School Community 3. Instructional Guidance 4. Professional Capacity 5. School-Learning Climate 6. Parent-School Community Ties 7. Bonding and Bridging Social Capital of the Community W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011
Essential Supports Model W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011
Organizational Model for Student Achievement: Hoy & Woolfolk Hoy W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011
Hattie’s Mega-Analysis of Academic Achievement Six Signposts 1. Teachers matter; they are the most powerful forces in helping students to learn. 2. Effective teachers are directive, caring, and passionately engaged in the teaching- learning process. 3. Effective teachers are aware of what each student is thinking, which enables them to construct meaning and relevant experiences for their students. This requires a proficient and deep understanding of their subject matter so they can provide useful feedback as they move the student through the curriculum. 4. Effective teachers know what they want to teach, how to do it successfully, when each student understands, and what to do when understanding falls short. 5. Effective teachers use multiple perspectives to convey ideas so that learners can construct and reconstruct knowledge--it is the learner’s construction of knowledge that is critical. 6. Effective school leaders cooperate with their teachers to create a school culture and classroom climates conducive to learning. Mistakes must be seen as opportunities for students to learn, relearn, and explore without the fear of failure. W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011
Mott’s General Model of Organizational Effectiveness Criteria of Overall Effectiveness – Quality of outputs – Quantity of outputs – Efficiency of production – Adaptability and flexibility of the organization W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011
Quinn and Quinn’s Competing Values Framework • The Competitive View defines effectiveness in terms of how productive
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