On 6 April 1930 broke the salt law by making a fistful of salt.Taking a cue from Gandhiji's Salt Satyagraha, all across large parts of India, peasantsbreached forest laws, factory workers went on strike, lawyers boycotted courts andstudents refused to attend government-run educational institutions.In November 1930 -First Round Table Conferencewas held - Gandhiji did notattend.In 1931, the'Gandhi-Irwin Pact’was signed by the terms of which civil disobediencewas called off and all prisoners were released. This pact drew many criticisms
Material downloaded frommyCBSEguide.com.3 / 4because Gandhiji was unable to obtain a commitment to political independence forIndians from the Viceroy, he could obtain merely an assurance of talks.TheSecond Round Table Conferencewas held in 1931 in London. Gandhijirepresented the Congress in the meeting but it was inconclusive.GandhijI returned to India and relaunchedCivil Disobediencebut it could not get itsmomentum.In 1935 - a new Government of India Act was formed which promised arepresentative form of government.In 1937 - in Provincial Election, Congress formed ministries in 8 out of 11 provinces.In September 1939 -World War IIbroke out. Nehru and Gandhi promised Congresssupport to the war effort if the British, in return, promised to grant Indiaindependence. But the British rejected this offer.Through 1940 and 1941, the Congress organised a series ofindividual satyagrahastopressure the rulers to promise freedom once the war had ended..In 1940 -Two Nation Theoryput forward by Jinnah.1942 - Failure ofCripps Mission.On 9 August 1942 -Quit India Movementwas launched by Gandhiji. He along withall prominent leaders was sent to jail.1946- Cabinet Mission- Failed to get the Congress and the League to agree on thefederal system.