On 6 april 1930 broke the salt law by making a

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On 6 April 1930 broke the salt law by making a fistful of salt. Taking a cue from Gandhiji's Salt Satyagraha, all across large parts of India, peasants breached forest laws, factory workers went on strike, lawyers boycotted courts and students refused to attend government-run educational institutions. In November 1930 - First Round Table Conference was held - Gandhiji did not attend. In 1931, the 'Gandhi-Irwin Pact’ was signed by the terms of which civil disobedience was called off and all prisoners were released. This pact drew many criticisms
Material downloaded from myCBSEguide.com . 3 / 4 because Gandhiji was unable to obtain a commitment to political independence for Indians from the Viceroy, he could obtain merely an assurance of talks. The Second Round Table Conference was held in 1931 in London. Gandhiji represented the Congress in the meeting but it was inconclusive. GandhijI returned to India and relaunched Civil Disobedience but it could not get its momentum. In 1935 - a new Government of India Act was formed which promised a representative form of government. In 1937 - in Provincial Election, Congress formed ministries in 8 out of 11 provinces. In September 1939 - World War II broke out. Nehru and Gandhi promised Congress support to the war effort if the British, in return, promised to grant India independence. But the British rejected this offer. Through 1940 and 1941, the Congress organised a series of individual satyagrahas to pressure the rulers to promise freedom once the war had ended.. In 1940 - Two Nation Theory put forward by Jinnah. 1942 - Failure of Cripps Mission . On 9 August 1942 - Quit India Movement was launched by Gandhiji. He along with all prominent leaders was sent to jail. 1946- Cabinet Mission- Failed to get the Congress and the League to agree on the federal system.

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