Kinnor davids harp 10 stringed played with a plectum

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Kinnor - David’s Harp 10 stringed played with a plectum Like a harp or Lyre Mention 42 times in Bible Nevel is smaller but has 12 strings
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Harps Biblical Instruments Tof - Small hand drum played by women (tamborine) Parchment Paper head and jingles of bone (now metal) Another Percussion - Shaker called: Mena-ane-im (square rattle) Shakers - Sistrum Cantillation Oldest source of Jewish Music Mode of Chanting or Intonation used only in public recital of prayer Prayers were chanted only, not recited Must adhere to traditional modes and tunes Mode = Method Prayer modes consist of combinations of melodic patterns within a scale Torah Reading modes Cantillation is melodic speech, not traditional singing For Prayer only, not for entertainment
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Reasons for Cantillation Used to help people memorize prayers Method of phrasing to clarify text Voice carries more with singing than speech Recognize cantillation of a prayer even if words not clearly heard Click to Play 2 Examples - Child/Cantor Meshoyer Cantor’s Assistant Young boys - learn singing from Cantor Became Cantors or great singers Boys formed choir - some took solos Click to Play
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  • Fall '09
  • Friedlander
  • Musical instrument, Jewish services, Lyre, Halil, Biblical Instruments

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