Singapore Fire Safety Engineering Guidelines 2015_1.pdf

Foodcourts fire compartmentation kitchen suppression

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foodcourts Fire compartmentation Kitchen suppression systems Automatic sprinkler protection Engineered smoke control Car parks Cars, motorcycles, vans Larger vehicles (load/unloading area) Electrical, e.g. short-circuit of electrical appliances or wiring Overheating of electrical equipment Arson May include high fuel load larger vehicles Fire compartmentation Automatic sprinkler protection Smoke purging / Jet fan ductless system Offices Furniture Electronic equipment Paper, books Electrical, e.g. short-circuit of electrical appliances or wiring Overheating of electrical equipment Flexibility in type of furniture and layout Fire compartmentation Automatic sprinkler protection Places of assembly (auditorium, theatres, performing arts) Theatrical/stage scenery, hangings and other props (fly tower) Electrical equipment and lighting Fixed seating Performers’ instruments/props Performances using pyrotechnics, flame effects or similar Electrical, e.g. short-circuit of electrical appliances or wiring Overheating of electrical equipment Smoking, e.g. ignition from cigarettes or matches Arson Scenery can include props made from highly combustible materials; e.g. plastics Seats to be tested to BS 5852 as specified clause 2.8.3 (g) of the Code of Practice for Fire Precautions in Buildings. High populations and densities Fire compartmentation Automatic sprinkler protection Smoke venting or engineered smoke control Annex B2
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Usage Potential Fuel Load Potential Ignition Sources Hazards presented Potential mitigation measures Exhibition Exhibits may include temporary booths/setups and displays (electronics, vehicles, roadshows, sales, etc) Overheating of electrical equipment Smoking, e.g. ignition from cigarettes or matches Arson Flexibility in type of goods/commodities Flexibility in type of furniture and layout Fire compartmentation Automatic sprinkler protection Engineered smoke control Recreational, amusement, night entertainment Furniture Theatrical/stage scenery, hangings and other props Performances using pyrotechnics, flame effects or similar Overheating of electrical equipment Smoking, e.g. ignition from cigarettes or matches Arson Scenery can include props made from highly combustible materials; e.g. plastics High populations and densities Fire compartmentation Automatic sprinkler protection Engineered smoke control Annex B3
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Annex C Enclosure Fire Models (a) General There are generally two classes of computer models for analysing enclosure fire developments; Stochastic or Probabilistic models and Deterministic models. (i) Stochastic model generally treat fire growth as a series of sequential events or states using established mathematical rules for the transition from one event to another. Probabilities are assigned to each transfer points based on analysis from experimental data, historical fire incident data or computer model results. The context of this model is not covered under this guide. Consultation with SCDF is required for the use of Stochastic model.
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