With the advent of jesus christ the sacrifice of his

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With the advent of Jesus Christ, the sacrifice of his crucifixion, burial, and resurrection a “changing of the guard,” had transpired. How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament [Gk.- diatheke : covenant] that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament [ diatheke : covenant], they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance. (Heb. 9:14-15) Metin Cosgel and Thomas J. Miceli compare modern-day law enforcement with its balancing of crimes versus punishment rail seem to complain concerning how easy people seem to have it now with a relaxing of the rules in the New Testament when compared with requirements of the Old Testament. They argue that unlike in the story of the prodigal son, people will be unmotivated to repent if a mere confession of fault is only required. “If redemption completely absolves sinners of initial wrongful acts, the overall amount of sinning may not be reduced…” so they write. 13 These two authors advocate for a return to more harsh ways or methods, the possibility of losing one’s hope of the afterlife, but the scriptures do not attest to such things. “for the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable,” according to Romans 11:29 of the English Standard Version. Therefore, acts of penance are no more valid or necessary today than indulgences were in the 1500s. Redemption, as a matter of the new covenant of Jesus’ 12 Adams. “Sin as Uncleanness.” p.9 13 Cosgel, Metin, and Thomas J. Miceli. “The Price of redemption: Sin, penance, and marginal deterrence.” Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization , vol. 156, Dec. 2018, p.206-218. - com.ezproxy.liberty.edu. Accessed July 2, 2020 8
blood, is a one-time necessity, but the individual should be conscious that their life is now owed to God and should live accordingly. Resolution and Redemption In Europe, in the 1600s, Francis Turretin spread the Augustinian doctrine of original sin and began with Adam’s disobedience to the people of the post-resurrection era. The post- resurrection era consists of the period of time stretching from the first century until today. This period is called by the Apostle Paul, “the dispensation of grace,” (Eph. 3:2) because of the availability for salvation by the grace of God, through the agency of Christ, “not by works lest any man should boast.” (Eph. 2:9) In his printed work Institutes , Turretin takes a stance that Nicholas A. Cumming makes reference to this work saying, “Turretin further elaborates on how a person can inherit another’s sin and how sin can actually be used by God as a consequent punishment of a previous sin.” 14 Cumming promotes, via Turretin’s doctrine, concerning how, when an individual commits a sin, that sin is turned about on the guilty party to also become their punishment, driving them further down. Cumming proclaims, “It simply cannot be against

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