4 he ignored lunas advice for guerrilla warfare only

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4. He ignored Luna’s advice for guerrilla warfare only to use it in the end. Aguinaldo boarding USS Vicksburg following his capture in 1901. Via Wikimedia Commons. Two months before the Philippine-American War broke out, Antonio Luna had proposed turning the Philippine army into a guerrilla force because he knew that the Filipinos had no chance against the better-armed Americans in open set-piece battles. On the other hand, by resorting to protracted guerrilla warfare, he believed that the Filipinos could wear out the enemy long enough to convince the American public to recall their soldiers back home. Also Read: 8 Reasons Why Apolinario Mabini Was More Badass Than You Think Luna even enlisted the help of Apolinario Mabini to try and convince Aguinaldo; however, the latter rejected Luna’s proposal because he thought that a sovereign nation should fight a conventional war. Four months later and just as Luna had predicted, the Americans annihilated countless Filipinos in conventional warfare, consequently forcing Aguinaldo to order his men to resort to guerrilla tactics. 5. He had a nascent dictatorial streak. General Aguinaldo (seated, center) and ten of the delegates to the first Assembly of Representatives that passed the Constitucicn Politica de la Republica Filipina on January 21, 1899 Picture taken in the Barasoain Church, Malolos, December 8, 1929. Via Wikimedia Commons. Although he never got to be dictator on the same level as Ferdinand Marcos if only because time was against him (his dictatorship lasted for only three weeks), Aguinaldo did possess the makings of a dictator—a characteristic recognized at the outset by his compatriots. If anything, his personal appearance at the inauguration of the Malolos Constitution on January 21, 1899 would attest to his latent strongman and elitist streak. During the proceedings, Aguinaldo carried around an “ivory stick with a gold head and gold cord and tassels.” On the other hand, in his book “A Question of Heroes,” National Artist for Literature Nick Joaquin describes Aguinaldo as a leader who lacks imagination. In Malolos, an American sneered that Aguinaldo was more concerned about “what cane to carry and what breastplate to wear.” It’s also possible, as Joaquin claims, that Aguinaldo “didn’t fully grasp what was involved in the argument on whether he should wear the title of President or Dictator.” 6. He engaged in political mudslinging against Manuel Quezon.
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1935 Commonwealth Presidential Campaign Poster. Manuel Quezon and Emilio Aguinaldo vying for the presidency. Photo Credit: Edward Santos of Pinoy Kollektor. After Aguinaldo was captured and swore allegiance to the Americans, he retired from public life and concentrated mostly on the welfare of his veterans. However, sometime in the 1920s, he again found himself in the public spotlight after openly feuding with Manuel Quezon who had once served as his staff.
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  • Summer '19
  • Philippine History, Emilio Aguinaldo, Philippine Revolution

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