Alzheimer 1.docx

There are also proteins in the brain that are linked

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patients (Bronstein & Pulst, 2003). There are also proteins in the brain that are linked to Alzheimer’s. They are the amyloid precursor and two presenilins, (Bronstein & Pulst, 2003) which are responsible in the early on-set of the disease (Brzyska & Elbaum, 2003). The number one indicator of Alzheimer’s is a gene called apolipoproteinE (apoE). There are three forms of this gene. ApoE 4 is the one that is most closely related to Alzheimer’s sufferers. This gene is inherited and when a child receives two of them, one from each parent. As a result, the child’s chances of developing the disease are largely increased. ApoE2 is another form of the gene but this one takes on the opposite route – this gene decreases one’s chances of getting Alzheimer’s disease. There are not many prevention methods for Alzheimer’s; it’s a genetic disease, and it also depends on how your genes react to our environment. It has been thought that drinking out of aluminum cans can cause Alzheimer’s, but this has been proven to now be false. Many scientists believe that Alzheimer’s disease occurs from an increase in the production of a specific protein, beta amyloid, which leads to nerve cell death (Bronstein & Pulst, 2003). Although there is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease, there are treatments that prolong the individual’s awareness and memory. Their medications can be taken in the early stages to minimize memory loss that the patient is experiencing. One drug that has a positive effect is tacrine, a drug that is used to increase acetylcholine, which helps to improve memory (Cavanaugh & Blanchard-Fields, 2002). Patients are also given anti-depressants and anti-anxiety medicines to address their mood (Cavanaugh & Blanchard-Fields, 2002). These drugs are called chiolinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs); the FDA has approved them for the treatment of Alzheimer’s
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disease. Along with tacrine, aricept is another drug that is commonly used and found to be very successful in delaying the effects of Alzheimer’s. These drugs have been found to help patients in most cases, but genetics dictate that each case is different; signs and symptoms for Alzheimer’s vary for each patient. These drugs are most effective when used in the earliest stages of the disease. When a patient is taking these drugs, doctors should not prescribe more than one
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