Doing things that dont hurt anybody but gets out the

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Doing things that don't hurt anybody, but gets out the aggression in a socially acceptable way Some people found it does work Some people found no effect Sometimes people who are not allowed to let it out act more aggressively in the next situation - not clear if catharsis is an effective tool for reducing aggression In the lab give them a way to be aggressive in a socially acceptable manner and then move on to a game where they can show a certain amount of aggressive behavior (such as shocking opponent) Some people found that when you allow people to act on aggressions in socially acceptable ways, there was an increase in likelihood of aggressive behavior in socially unacceptable way Research = mixed bag Catharsis (Freud) Effective with little kids Reduce levels of aggressive behavior by providing less reward for the aggressive behavior Important --> providing models for non-aggressive behaviors Younger kids look up to the 5th graders, so they will imitate them When they give this type of training to older kids, there is a drop of aggressive behavior amongst the younger kids Study at elementary school --> fifth graders (some) are trained to be conflict mediators on the playground and act in ways that will taper down aggressive behavior Learning/modeling e.g. deep breathing, calming heart rate, going to happy place in mind, get rid of hostility In the moment if you can calm down your hostility, then you are less likely to automatically blow off Effective especially in dealing with automatic appraisals of aggression Teach yourself biofeedback techniques that calm yourself down when you feel a high arousal in ANS or you feel angry or hostile in aggressive situations Biofeedback Sometimes aggression can be reduced by getting the person to feel something that competes with the aggressive hostility or arousal Humor has inflating aspect to it that competes against hostility If you can make someone laugh --> competing response Research where they get people worked up and then randomly assign them to humor state or non-humor state --> people who are made to laugh by watching a video clip are less likely to behave aggressively in a situation where they could have acted aggressively Humor can be effective tool Competing responses There are situations in which there aren't strong norms against aggressive behavior (e.g. bars, basketball courts) --> people act aggressively here If you can establish a norm against aggressive behavior in a situation then that’s powerful because if someone violates the norm then there will be repercussions Norms against Aggression: reduction approaches Final Page 9
powerful because if someone violates the norm then there will be repercussions within the group It can be hard to establish a norm but if it can be established, people will follow it because people want to fit in Final Page 10
0427 Class Notes- Audio recording started: 11:01 AM Friday, April 27, 2018

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