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abolitionists they were a minority in the north, northerners always thought that they could always move to the west if they needed to, like a backup plan, but if slavery is allowed in these states then they would feel that there back up plan would be compromised because they cannot compete with slave labor•Free Soil Party, 1848--Rebellious Democrats--Antislavery Whigs (“Conscience Whigs”) opposite of the cotton Whigs (“not conscience Whigs”) assumed that they supported slavery--Abolitionist Liberty PartyWhigs? Won white house in 1848, president did not believe that slavery should be guaranteed in the west, president himself was a slave owner, southern slave owners thought that if congress has the authority to ban slavery in the west then one day it might mean it has power to ban slavery in the south, 1849 – California gold rush
The Crisis of 1850, The Compromise of 1850, and The Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854California’s application for statehood, December 1849California asks to be admitted as a free state, at this time slavery is not allowed in most all other countriesCrisis of 1850: 15 slave states; 15 free states•Henry Clay’s proposal wanted to deal with California’s statehood but also wanted to fix a lot of other things about slavery tension so it would pass and everyone would feel like they got something out of it, his proposal was California would be admitted as a free state, other territories would be slave or free chosen by inhabitants of that territory by popular sovereignty, Texas would not get all the land they have claimed to have, slave trade banned in DC, stronger fugitive slave laws, congress could not mess with interstate slave trade, debate goes on for 9 month and it wasn’t passed •John Calhoun’s proposal wanted strong fugitive slave laws and wanted to be sure that northerners would cooperate, southerners had a right to take “property” (slaves) to the territories, wanted a guaranteed equilibrium of free and slave states, if the south doesn’t get these things they will feel unsafe and may secede•Daniel Webster’s proposal – he was an anti-slavery man, central theme of his speech was the preservation of the union, there have already been laws passed to stop slavery above the 36 30’ parallel and nature (cause cotton doesn’t grow in the southwest, but still he didn’t realize that slave labor could be used for other things) makes it unlikely that slavery will spread there, so he said that they shouldn’t be creating more tension in the union over thisCompromise of 1850 (Stephen Douglas he broke the proposals above into separate bills to try and get them passed) these compromises didn’t change any one’s mind about slavery they were just pushed enough that they passed•CA – free state•Texas and new Mexico Act (NM territory = popular sovereignty) Texas was given 10 million dollars to give up the land claimed in new Mexico and Colorado and made a new